槽 cao

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/cao

Terms

  • cáo (Pinyin)1
  • (Traditional Chinese)2
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • ts'ao (Wade-Giles)
  • trough (English)3
  • footing (English)4

Scope Note

    An architectural term seen in the Yingzao fashi (1103) and Gongbu gongcheng zuofa (1734), also used in texts that involve architectural descriptions such as the Sitaji and Tang huiyao. It is generally agreed that in the Gongbu gongcheng zuofa, the term refers to trough-shaped pits dug for narrow sections or strips of pounded-earth foundation. Interpretations of the term and its relevant plates in Yingzao fashi are under debate. Some suggest it refers to the space enclosed by pillars, lan’e (forehead rail) and puzuo (corbelling) (Cheng Mingda 1981; cf. Liang Sicheng 1944). Some suggest it is the pillar row and puzuo (corbelling) axis (He Jianzhong 2003; cf. Liang Sicheng 1983). Some understand it as an elongated structural unit of puzuo (corbelling) (Zhu Yongchun 2016). Others suggest the term probably referred to footings initially, and was also used to refer to pillar rows and wall planes in general. (Ren Sijie 2016).

    作爲傳統營造術語,主要見於《營造法式》和《工部工程做法》,也見於其他談及建築的傳統文獻,如《寺塔記》、《唐會要》等。《工部工程做法》的“槽”含義相對明確,指夯築條形基礎的基槽。而《營造法式》所謂“槽”的具體含義存在爭議:一說是由柱、額、鋪作劃分的各種空間(陳明達 1981;參考梁思成 1944);一說是柱列與其上的鋪作或鋪作之中心線(何建中 2003;參考梁思成 1983);一説指代鋪作層構成的長條狀圖形(朱永春 2016);另有觀點認爲其得名與基槽有關,後汎指柱列或墻體及其所在位置(任思捷 2016)。

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 GUO, Visual Dictionary, 21.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; FU, Twelve Essays, 350.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 李LI, YZFS, 卷31.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王, 工程做法Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; DUAN段, Yi zhou ming hua lu,Yuan dai hua su ji益州名畫錄, 元代畫塑記Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王, 唐會要(點校本)Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梁, 記五台山佛光寺的建築, 13-44.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 陳CHEN, 大木作制度研究, 115-116.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梁LIANG, Ying zao fa shi zhu shi juan shang《營造法式》註釋卷上, 267-268.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 陳CHEN, Ying zao fa shi ci jie《營造法式》辭解, 405.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 喬QIAO, Song dai guan shi jian zhu ying zao ji qi ji shu宋代官式建築營造及其技術Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 何HE, He wei ying zao fa shi zhi cao何謂《營造法式》之“槽”, 41-43.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 MILLER, Divine Nature of Power, 199.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 REN, Foguangsi on Mount Wutai, 368-375.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Building Frame

Broad Match: Foundations

External relationships (1)


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cao” in Architectura Sinica last modified December 5, 2018, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/cao.

Bibliography:

cao.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by . Entry published December 5, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/cao.

About this Entry

Entry Title: cao

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, general editor,
  • , editor, Architectura Sinica
  • REN Sijie 任思捷, entry contributor, “ cao

Additional Credit:

  • Initial Research Ren Sijie 任思捷 ATTCAT 2018
  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller

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