dipan (ground plan)



  • ground plan (preferred) (English)
  • 地盤 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 地盘 (Simplified Chinese)
  • dìpán (Pinyin)
  • ti-p’an (Wade-Giles)
  • ground plate (lit.) (English)
  • floor plan (English)
  • foundation (English)
  • site (English)
  • structure layout (English)


An architectural term seen in the Yingzao fashi and Luban yingzao zhengshi, but also used in texts related to building activities such as Zhuzi yulei and Yangzhou huafang lu. Interpretations of the term and its relevant images in the Yingzao fashi are under debate. Some suggest it concerns the plan of puzuo (corbelling) seen at a vertical position above the pillar top (Chen Mingda 2010), either understood as reflected ceiling plan (Chen Mingda 1981), or the view looking downward from above (Zhu Yongchun 2016). Others interpret the term as a ground plan showing pillar positions (the layout of puzuo may also be reflected) (Pan Guxi, He Jianzhong 2005), or possibly relating to foundation as well (Ren Sijie 2016).

作爲傳統營造術語,主要見于《營造法式》和《魯般營造正式》,也見於其他談及營造的傳統文獻,如《朱子語類》、《揚州畫舫錄》等。對《營造法式》所謂“地盤”的具體含義存在爭議:一説是柱頭鋪作的平面佈置(陳明達 2010),有的觀點認為是柱頭仰視平面(陳明達 1981),也有認爲是柱頭俯視平面(朱永春 2016);一説是表示柱子分佈(或兼反映鋪作)的平面(潘谷西, 何建中 2005),有的觀點認爲或亦與基礎做法有關(任思捷 2016)。

(任思捷 Ren Sijie, ATTCAT 2018)

Related Concepts: cao 槽

Sources and Contributors:

Foundation: Ren Sijie, Foguangsi on Mount Wutai (2016) 368-375

Structure Layout: Qinghua Guo, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture (2002) 32

Site: Fu Xinian, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays (2017) 353

Floor Plan: Fu Xinian, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays (2017) 353

地盤 : (1) 營造法式, 卷31 (2) 魯班營造正式 (3) 朱子語類 (4) 揚州畫舫錄 (5) 陳明達, 營造法式大木作制度研究 (1981) 114 (6) 陳明達, 《營造法式》辭解 (2010) 159 (7) 朱永春, 《營造法式》中殿閣地盤分槽圖的探索與引論 (2016) 82-97 (8) 潘谷西, 何建中, 《營造法式》解讀 (2005) 46, 248.

Broad Match: Building Frame

External relationships (2)

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dipan (ground plan)” in Architectura Sinica last modified May 8, 2019, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/dipan.


dipan (ground plan).” In Architectura Sinica, edited by . Entry published May 8, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/dipan.

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