column top tie beam


  • column top tie beam (English)
  • pupaifang (Pinyin)
  • 普拍枋 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 普拍枋 (Simplified Chinese)

Broad Match: Building Frame

External relationships (92)

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column top tie beam” in Architectura Sinica last modified March 21, 2018,


column top tie beam.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by . Entry published March 21, 2018.

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Entry Title: column top tie beam

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, general editor,
  • , editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Tracy Miller, entry contributor, “column top tie beam

Additional Credit:

  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller

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