zhāqiān 剳牵



  • zhaqian (Pinyin without tones)
  • 剳牵 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 剳牵 (Simplified Chinese)
  • zhāqiān (Pinyin)1
  • cha-ch'ien (Wade-Giles)
  • to stitch and bind (lit.) (English)2
  • pinpricking connector (ATTCAT preferred translation) (English)3
  • one-rafter beam (English)4
  • tie beam (English)5

Note (full)

    Meaning, literally, to "stich and bind" (Kroll 2015, 588, 359-360), according to the Yingzao fashi (1103), zhaqian refers to cross beams that span one rafter (Liang 1983, 142). Zhaqian usually only serves to connect two members, but is not load-bearing. In extant buildings in southeast China, a similar component--called shuiliang 水梁 in Zhejiang and Jiangsu, shumu 束木 in southern Fujian, and shuishu 水束 in Guangdong--structurally combines zhaqian, chashou 叉手, and tuojiao 托腳.6

    劄牽為《營造法式》(1103)中的建築術語,指長一,通常僅起聯繫作用而不荷重(梁 1983,142)。在中國東南地區的建筑实例中,也有类似的,結合劄牽、叉手與托腳結構作用的構件,稱為水梁(江浙)、束木(閩南)、水束(廣府)等。6

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 393.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 KROLL. 2015. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 588, 359-360.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 2018. ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 29.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 MILLER. 2008. The Eleventh-century Daxiongbaodian of Kaihuasi and Architectural Style in Southern Shanxi's Shangdang Region, 1-42.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 6 KROLL. 2015. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 588, 359-360.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梁. 1983. 《營造法式》註釋卷上, 142.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: building frame

How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 剳牵 zhāqiān” in Architectura Sinica last modified November 11, 2021, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000141.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 剳牵 zhāqiān.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 12, 2021. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000141.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 剳牵 zhāqiān

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and WANG Yuanyuan 王媛媛, entry contributors, “ 剳牵 zhāqiān

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Preliminary research CMW 2021
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2021
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
  • Data entry and adding citation(s) by CHEN Baolong 陈宝龙

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