yìxínggǒng 異形栱



  • yixinggong (Pinyin without tones)1
  • 異形栱 (Traditional Chinese)2
  • 异形栱 (Simplified Chinese)
  • yìxínggǒng (Pinyin)1
  • i-hsing-kung (Wade-Giles)
  • irregularly-shaped bracket arm (English)


    Yixinggong 異形栱 literally means “irregularly-shaped bracket arm,” and are different from regular arch-shaped bracket arms (gong 栱), the ends of which support small bearing blocks (dou 斗), as defined in the Yingzao fashi. Homophonous with “wing-shaped bracket arms” (yixinggong 翼形栱), the use of irregular (異 yi) instead of wing (翼 yi) was first seen in 1955 and became more widespread after 1978, but usage was not consistent in all sources. The two forms of “yi” were sometimes used interchangeably, but “irregular” 異 was also used to as a means to differentiate a variety of irregularly shaped gong (rhomboidal, cloud, etc.) in buildings constructed after the Yuan dynasty from those bracket arms with an actual wing-like shape. Generally speaking, today scholars use this term to refer to all irregularly-shaped bracket arms, wing-shaped or otherwise, where the two ends do not support any block (dou 枓)(張 1979;南京工學院建築系 1987;郭 2003).2

    “異形栱”字面意義為形狀特異的。“異形栱”一詞最早出现于1955年,1978年後使用漸廣泛但較為混亂。其涵義既有可能與“翼形栱”互換使用,也有可能为了与“翼形栱”进行区分,用以描述建築中,形狀特異的(張 1979;南京工學院建築系 1987;郭 2003)。總體來說,異形栱可指称所有身與弓形栱不同且兩端不承鬥的2

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 漢語大詞典編纂処. 2011. 漢語大詞典, accessed June 12, 2022.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; KROLL. 2015. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, accessed 2015.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 張. 1979. 山西元代殿堂的大木結構Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; NANJING GONG XUE YUAN JIAN ZHU XI. 1987. 曲阜孔廟建築Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 郭. 2003. 中國古代建築史·宋,遼,金,西夏建築Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: bracketing

How to Cite This Entry

REN Sijie 任思捷 et al., “ 異形栱 yìxínggǒng” in Architectura Sinica last modified July 14, 2022, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000240.


REN Sijie 任思捷 et al., “ 異形栱 yìxínggǒng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 23, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000240.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 異形栱 yìxínggǒng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • REN Sijie 任思捷 and Chen Jiaqi 陈加麒, entry contributors, “ 異形栱 yìxínggǒng

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2019
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
  • Data entry, adding citations SUN Zheng
  • Adding notes, bibliography, photo CHEN Zhuo 陈卓

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