Lingyin Monastery West Stone Pagoda 靈隱寺西石塔https://architecturasinica.org/place/000285b
- West Stone Pagoda (English)
- Xī Shítǎ (Pinyin)
- Shuang-t`a (Wade-Giles)
- 西石塔 (Traditional Chinese)
- 西石塔 (Simplified Chinese)
- Lingyin Monastery Twin Pagodas (English)
- lingyinsi liangshita (Pinyin)
- 靈隱寺兩石塔 (Traditional Chinese)
- 灵隐寺两石塔 (Simplified Chinese)
- Twin Pagodas (English)
- Shuangshita (Pinyin)
- 雙石塔 (Traditional Chinese)
- 双石塔 (Simplified Chinese)
- Lat. 30.242777° Long. 120.096461°
The Twin Stone Pagodas in Lingyin Monastery are positioned individually on the East and West side of the terrace in front of the Daxiongbao Hall, 42 meters apart. During the early restoration of the monastery under the reign of Qian Hongchu (錢弘俶), King of Wuyue Kingdom (吳越國), a set of four stone pagodas were established in 960, but only two survive until the present day, and they are lacking their original finials.
The twin pagodas are almost identical in structure, size, and style (Xia and Tang, 2016, 88-92). At the height of 11 meters and with a total of nine layers, these pagodas were both constructed meticulously following the architectural style of octagonal wooden pagodas. The pagoda sits on a Mount Sumeru platform or dais (xumizuo 须弥座), and the platform is inscribed with the Uṣṇīṣa Vijaya Dhāraṇī Sūtra (Dafoding tuoluonijing 大佛頂陀羅尼經) in legible regular script of calligraphy for visitors to read. The large stone pedestal (panshi 磐石) under the Mount Sumeru platform is carved in the “Nine Seas and Eight Mountains” (jiushan bahai 九山八海) pattern. This prevailing visual motif in Buddhist art refers to the cosmological belief that the world is formed with nine sacred mountain ranges with Mount Sumeru at the celestial center and eight oceans separating them (Zhao and Mao, 2017, 92-98). Each layer of the pagoda consists of a balcony substructure (pingzuo 平坐), main structure (zhengshen 正身), and waist eaves (yaoyan 腰檐). The balcony substructure and the main structure are both supported with single huagong bracket arm (miao 杪) and single descending cantilever (xia’ang 下昂) following the stolen-heart technique (touxinzao 偷心造). The main structure of each story is embellished with the a cusped gable doorway (kunmen 壼门) on all four sides (Zhongguo wenwuju, 2010, 26).1
Related Site: Lingyin Monastery East Stone Pagoda 靈隱寺東石塔
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- 1 夏. 2016-12-15. 真三维重建技术在杭州灵隐寺石塔和经幢精细测绘中的运用, 87-92.; 赵. 2017-10-20. “须弥山”空间模式图形化及其对佛寺空间格局的影响, 92-98.; 国家文物局. 2010. 中国文物地图集·浙江分册, 26.
- 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.
How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:Song Qisen, “Lingyin Monastery West Stone Pagoda 靈隱寺西石塔 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published April 30, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000285b.
About this Entry
Entry Title: Lingyin Monastery West Stone Pagoda 靈隱寺西石塔
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
- Song Qisen, entry contributor, “Lingyin Monastery West Stone Pagoda 靈隱寺西石塔 ”
- Initial research 2020 by Song Qisen
- Editing and proof correction Tracy Miller
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