Qixia Monastery, Qianfo yan shiku 棲霞寺千佛岩石窟



  • Thousand Buddha Grotto (English)
  • 千佛岩石窟 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 千佛岩石窟 (Simplified Chinese)
  • qīanfóyánshíkū (Pinyin)
  • ch'ien-fo-yen-shih-k'u (Wade-Giles)
  • Qixia Monastery Thousand Buddha Grotto (English)
  • 棲霞寺千佛岩石窟 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 栖霞寺千佛岩石窟 (Simplified Chinese)


  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 32.154167° Long. 118.953889°
  • Building Information

    The Thousand Buddha Grotto was first carved by Ming Zhongzhang, Ming Sengshao’s son, in 484 during Qi (Xiang 2001, 128). Buddhist statues continued to be carved in the following dynasties. Due to the large number of niches and statues, it is called the Thousand Buddha Grotto. With 322 niches and 533 Buddha statues, it is the only extant Buddhist grotto from Southern Dynasties (Zi 2014, 85; Xiang 2001, 128).1

    千佛岩石窟建于484年,由縣令明仲璋遵照其父明僧紹的遺志建造(Xiang 2001, 128)。後經曆代鑿建,因佛龛、佛像衆多稱作千佛窟。這是中國現存唯一的南朝佛教石窟,窟內現存佛龛322個,佛像533尊(Zi 2014, 85; Xiang 2001, 128)。1

    Date Founded in 484
    Dynasty Qi Kingdom 479-502 2

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 项. 2001. 栖霞寺千佛岩石窟, 128.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梓. 2014-06. 江苏南京栖霞寺, 85.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 11.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contained in Place

    How to Cite This Entry

    Qixia Monastery, Qianfo yan shiku 棲霞寺千佛岩石窟 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified April 20, 2021, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000294b.


    Qixia Monastery, Qianfo yan shiku 棲霞寺千佛岩石窟 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller and ZHANG Xuliang 張序亮. Entry published April 20, 2021. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000294b.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Qixia Monastery, Qianfo yan shiku 棲霞寺千佛岩石窟

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller and ZHANG Xuliang 張序亮, editors, Architectura Sinica

    Additional Credit:

    • Initial research 2021 by ZHANG Xuliang 張序亮
    • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda

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