guan yu song shi jian zhu ji ge da mu gou jian wen t de tan tao 关于宋式建筑几个大木构件问题的探讨

https://architecturasinica.org/bibl/FAJ6HHYJ

Preferred Citation

贾洪波. “Guan Yu Song Shi Jian Zhu Ji Ge Da Mu Gou Jian Wen t de Tan Tao 关于宋式建筑几个大木构件问题的探讨.” 故宫博物院院刊, no. 03 (2010): 91-109+158. http://kns.cnki.net/kns/detail/detail.aspx?FileName=GGBW201003012&DbName=CJFQ2010.

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Abstract

有若干宋式建筑大木构件,《营造法式》记载失之太过简略或语焉不清,与现存宋元建筑实例难以完全契合,致使当今学术界存有不同的认识与理解。本文结合建筑实例,对几个大木构件构造问题略作考察分析,认为:隐角梁与续角梁是一物而二名;挑斡于《法式》原意可能是指铺作中昂之后尾与梁架的结合方式而言,即凡具有昂尾挑一斗或一材两栔以承下平槫的构造形式就可以称为挑斡,而不论其是否出昂头,宋元实例所见下昂、上昂及所谓斜撑一类构件的做法灵活多样,很难就此总结出与当今各家所谓挑斡完全契合的固定模式;假昂最初就是在无法用真昂的地方从外观形式上对真昂的模仿,其最早大约可追溯至中晚唐时期,而在宋辽金时期也存在诸如平出昂、插昂、昂形耍头等多种形式的具有假昂意味的做法,它们结合起来一并导致了成熟的假昂形态,较为正规的假昂做法至少在北宋前期已存在;牛脊槫的位置应在铺作的正心槽缝亦即檐柱头缝上,大致相当于清式的正心桁。

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Article

Title: guan yu song shi jian zhu ji ge da mu gou jian wen t de tan tao 关于宋式建筑几个大木构件问题的探讨

Author: 洪波 贾

URI: https://architecturasinica.org/bibl/FAJ6HHYJ 

URI: https://www.zotero.org/groups/architecturasinica/items/FAJ6HHYJ  Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

URI: https://www.zotero.org/groups/2267085/items/FAJ6HHYJ  Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

See Also: http://kns.cnki.net/kns/detail/detail.aspx?FileName=GGBW201003012&DbName=CJFQ2010  

Publication

Title: 故宫博物院院刊

Date of Publication: 2010

Pages: 91-109+158

  • 贾洪波. “Guan Yu Song Shi Jian Zhu Ji Ge Da Mu Gou Jian Wen t de Tan Tao 关于宋式建筑几个大木构件问题的探讨.” 故宫博物院院刊, no. 03 (2010): 91-109+158. http://kns.cnki.net/kns/detail/detail.aspx?FileName=GGBW201003012&DbName=CJFQ2010.
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    guan yu song shi jian zhu ji ge da mu gou jian wen t de tan tao 关于宋式建筑几个大木构件问题的探讨” in last modified March 19, 2019, https://architecturasinica.org/bibl/FAJ6HHYJ.

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    guan yu song shi jian zhu ji ge da mu gou jian wen t de tan tao 关于宋式建筑几个大木构件问题的探讨.” In , edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 19, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/bibl/FAJ6HHYJ.

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    • Tracy Miller, general editor,
    • Tracy Miller, editor,
    • Jing Zhuge, entry contributor, “guan yu song shi jian zhu ji ge da mu gou jian wen t de tan tao 关于宋式建筑几个大木构件问题的探讨”
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