• Qing (English)
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • Qīng (Pinyin)
  • Ch'ing (Wade-Giles)
  • 清朝 (Traditional Chinese)
  • Qing Dynasty (English)
1644 - 1912 1


Revolutionary organizations were successful in their opposition to the Qing dynasty over the course of 1911. The last Qing emperor officially abdicated on 12 February, 1912. 2

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 FAIRBANK. 1980. The Cambridge History of China. Volume 11, Late Ch'ing, 1800-1911, Part 2, 514-533.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

How to Cite This Entry

Tracy Miller, “ Qīng ” in Architectura Sinica last modified June 4, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000070.


Tracy Miller, “ Qīng .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000070.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Qīng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Tracy Miller, entry contributor, “ Qīng

Additional Credit:

  • data entry and proof correction Tracy Miller
  • adding revising title statement 2020 by SUN Zheng
  • adding citations Yiyang Chen

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