• li (Pinyin without tones)
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • (Pinyin)
  • li (Wade-Giles)


    1. a ward (Steinhardt 1990, 227) or neighborhood (Miller 2007, 32) composed of multiple smaller units. In the Zhouli 周禮 a li is a unit of 25 jia 家 ("households"), but this varies over time (e.g. 100 in the Tang dynasty; 110 in the Ming dynasty) (Hanyu dacidian; Kroll 2016, online edition); 2. a unit of length (Fu 2017, 360; Hanyu dacidian; Kroll 2016, online edition)1


Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the editorial guidelines.

  • 1 STEINHARDT. 1999. Chinese Imperial City Planning, 227.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; MILLER. 2007. The Divine Nature of Power: Chinese Ritual Architecture at the Sacred Site of Jinci, 32.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 360.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 漢語大詞典編纂処. 2011. 漢語大詞典, accessed June 6, 2022.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; KROLL. 2016. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, accessed June 6, 2022.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

External relationships (1)

Date range

How to Cite This Entry

CMW S21, “ ” in Architectura Sinica last modified April 20, 2021,


CMW S21, “ .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by . Entry published March 21, 2018.

About this Entry

Entry Title:

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • CMW S21, entry contributor, “

Additional Credit:

  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Adding citations and gloss 2021 by FU Shiyi 付詩怡

Copyright and License for Reuse

Except otherwise noted, this page is © 2018.

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.