• chuan (Pinyin without tones)1
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • chuán (Pinyin)1
  • ch'uan (Wade-Giles)
  • rafter (lit.) (English)
  • rafters (English)2


    Hanging inclined timber member supporting roof tiles. In Traditional Chinese Architecture rafters extend from purlin to purlin. Can also be used to as a unit of length.3

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 378.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 351.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 2018. ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: building frame

How to Cite This Entry

chuán” in Architectura Sinica last modified January 18, 2020,


chuán.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published January 18, 2020.

About this Entry

Entry Title: chuán

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Yuh-Fen Benda, associate editor, Architectural Terminology

Additional Credit:

  • Data entry and editing by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Revision by Tracy Miller
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

Copyright and License for Reuse

Except otherwise noted, this page is © 2020.

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.