jiéjiānbǎnzhàng 截間版帳

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000132

Terms

  • jiejianbanzhang (Pinyin without tones)1
  • 截間版帳 (Traditional Chinese)2
  • 截间版帐 (Simplified Chinese)3
  • jiéjiānbǎnzhàng (Pinyin)1
  • jiejian banzhang (Pinyin)4
  • chieh-chien-pan-chang (Wade-Giles)

Note (brief)

    Scholars generally agree that jiejian banzhang 截間版帳 is a room dividing partition, and some scholars believe that it is a partition specifically running perpendicular to the main roof ridge. The term is only found in Yingzao fashi 營造法式 as a type of nonstructural carpentry (xiaomuzuo 小木作). According to the description in Yingzao fashi, jiejian banzhang is six to ten feet high and is composed of boards (ban 版) and covering strips (yatouhufeng 牙頭護縫), which can be used on both sides of board. These components are fixed by a board casing (nanzi 難子) between the columns. If the jiejian banzhang is more than seven feet high, column-top-ties (e’fu 額栿) along with ,posts (tuanzhu 摶柱), and a waist bar (yaochuan 腰串) should be added to the framework. If its width is wider than usual, a bay muntin (qianzhu 槏柱) should also be added. The term jiejian banzhang is related to the use of fabric partitioning within interior decoration before the Song Dynasty. The use of word zhang 帳 in the term seems to indicate the relationship between wooden and fabric room partitions. Among all the xiaomuzuo non structural carpentry types in the Yingzao fashi that include the word zhang, jiejian banzhang is the only one that is a vertical plane partition, and it is thus different from other types, such as Ffo-Ddao zhang 佛道賬, etc.,which areis enclosed like a miniaturesmall building. The Han dynasty text Shiming 釋名, by Liu Xi 劉熙 explains that zhang is covering a bed which was shaped like a dou 鬥, (an ancient rice measuring container possessing revered status) turned upside-down (fudou 覆鬥) .“帳,張也,張施於牀上也,小帳如鬥形,如覆鬥也。” Here, the meaning of zhang is clear: it is similar to other types such as Fo-Dao zhang, which are enclosed, have their own roofs, and provide sheltered space for sculpture or other objects. From the Tang Dynasty onwards zhang was known to have multiple meanings. In addition to an enclosed structure, another meaning of “zhang” was a type of vertical fabric partition, similar to wei 帷. 5

    截間版帳,學者們一般認爲它是以木制作的室內隔斷(梁 2001, 180),有些則認爲特指進深方向的隔斷(趙 2005, 102)。這一術語在古代文獻中,僅見於宋《營造法式》(李 2009, 6.6a)。根據《營造法式》的定義,它由木版、內外並施的牙頭、護縫構成,並用難子固定於柱間,高度六至十尺。如果它的高度達七尺以上,則需增加額栿、槫柱及腰串作為框架。如果它的寬度(進深)較一般廣,則需增立槏柱。 有三位學者對截間版帳進行過復原(梁 2001, 180;竹島 1997, 234-241; 潘 2005, 121)。 截間版帳這一術語體現出宋代室內裝修中殘留的早期的室內織物分隔的影響。“帳”字的使用暗示這一以木制作的室内隔断與織物的關系(張 2001, 70-71;潘 2005, 120-122;趙 2005, 102)。此外,在《營造法式》所有以“帳”命名的小木作中,截間版帳是惟一一個垂直的面狀隔斷,有別於自身呈圍合狀,有頂而且具有內部空間的各類帳,如佛道帳等。從歷史文獻推斷,“帳”本意為自身围合、内部带有空间的織物構造(劉, 6.44b);表示垂直隔斷的字為“帷”(鄭 et al. 1934, 19.3a)。很可能至唐,“帳”已有與“帷”同為一意的情況:唐·李善等註的《文選》:“羅帳,羅帷也。”(蕭 et al. 1919, 31.4b)在梁·顧野王撰,宋·陸彭年重修的《玉篇》中對帳釋義:“帷也,張也,幬也。”(顧 1013, 28.2a),即“帳”可兼具垂直面狀隔斷與圍合的兩層含義。5

Related concepts

    間屏風骨

    殿內截間格子

    佛道帳

    九脊小帳

    牙腳帳

    壁帳

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 399.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 李. 2009. 營造法式(故宫藏抄本), 6.6a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 郭. 2009. 中国古代建筑史, 680.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 潘. 2005. 《营造法式》解读, 120.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 48.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 李. 2009. 營造法式(故宫藏抄本), 6.6a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 劉. 明. 釋名, 6.44b.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梁. 2001. 梁思成全集 第七卷, 180.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 赵. 2005-12. 魏晋南北朝室内环境艺术研究, 102.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梁. 2001. 梁思成全集 第七卷, 180.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 竹島. 1997-5. 営造法式の研究, 234-241.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 潘. 2005. 《营造法式》解读, 121.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 十庆. 2001. 从帐幔装修到小木装修——古代室内装饰演化的一条线索, 70–71.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 赵. 2005-12. 魏晋南北朝室内环境艺术研究, 102.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 潘. 2005. 《营造法式》解读, 120-122.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 鄭. 1934. 儀禮疏, 19.3a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 蕭. 1919. 六臣注文選, 31.4b.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 顧. 玉篇, 28.2a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

How to Cite This Entry

BAI Ying 白穎 et al., “ 截間版帳 jiéjiānbǎnzhàng” in Architectura Sinica last modified July 14, 2022, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000132.

Bibliography:

BAI Ying 白穎 et al., “ 截間版帳 jiéjiānbǎnzhàng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 21, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000132.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 截間版帳 jiéjiānbǎnzhàng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • BAI Ying 白穎 and WANG Lijia 王麗佳, entry contributors, “ 截間版帳 jiéjiānbǎnzhàng

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2019
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
  • Data entry, adding citations SUN Zheng
  • Adding notes, bibliography, photo CHEN Zhuo 陈卓

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