The “penetrating and interlocking framework” (chuandou 穿鬥) is one of the two main analytic categories of Chinese timber-frame structures, the other being “interlocking and lifting beams” (tailiang 擡梁). The term was created by architectural historians in the 1940s following the terms used by the craftsman of southwest China, including chuandou 穿逗, litie 立貼, and chuandou 串斗. The term, and the structural process it describes, is associated with the timber-frame structures of Southern China. In the chuandou structural system, pillars support the purlins directly, and several layers of tie-beams are tenoned through the pillars to join them together. Literally, chuandou has a verbal connotation, referring to a particular procedure of construction. First pillars of the same bay (the truss-like frame perpendicular to the roof ridge) are connected by the tenoning work of chuan, and then multiple frames of different bays are interlocked (parallel to the roof ridge) by the work of dou to form the whole timber-frame structure.
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- 1 刘, 中國建築類型及結構, 56.; 刘, 中国古代建筑史, 4.
- 2 FU, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 351.
- 3 ATTCAT 2018
- 4 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 25.
Broad Match: Building Frame
How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:BAI Ying 白穎, “ 穿鬥 chuāndòu.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 17, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000011.
About this Entry
Entry Title: 穿鬥 chuāndòu
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
- BAI Ying 白穎, entry contributor, “ 穿鬥 chuāndòu”
- Initial research and revision by BAI Ying 白穎
- Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
- Data entry, editing, revision and proofreading by Tracy Miller
- Adding citations by Melanie Lu
- Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正
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