平柱 píngzhù

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000064

Terms

  • leveling pillars (preferred) (English)1
  • 平柱 (Traditional Chinese)2
  • 平柱 (Simplified Chinese)
  • píngzhù (Pinyin)
  • p'ing-chu (Wade-Giles)
  • central bay columns (English)3

Note (brief)

    In traditional Chinese timber-frame architecture, refers to two eaves pillars framing the central bay on the sides of the building parallel to the roof ridge. Leveling pillars are used as a standard height for calculating the height of other pillars across the façade, as they increase in height from the center towards the corners of the building, allowing for an upward curvature of the eaves (shengqi). The term appears in the Yingzao Fashi (1103, SKQS ed., 5.4b) and also in documents written by officials during the Song Dynasty (960-1279) to describe the architecture of mausolea. Modern architectural historians use this term to describe central-bay pillars on all sides of a building dating from the Tang (618-907) to early Ming (1368-1644) dynasties.

    平柱見於宋《營造法式》,指建築下檐正面當中一間兩側的兩棵柱,也屬於檐柱,是用於計算生起,以確定角柱,及角柱與平柱間其它各柱高度的基準柱。平柱也見於《思陵錄》、《宋會要輯稿》等宋代官員對於宋代皇陵建築的記錄。當代建築史學者用此術語描述唐至明初的建築物,並泛指建築外檐四面或殿堂式构架内部中心開間兩側的柱。

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 ATTCAT 2018
  • 2 李, YZFS, 4b.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 陈, 《营造法式》辞解, 111.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王, 中国古建筑术语辞典, 88.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 63.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Building Frame

How to Cite This Entry

平柱 píngzhù” in Architectura Sinica last modified March 21, 2018, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000064.

Bibliography:

平柱 píngzhù.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published date in 2018-03-21-04:00 format here. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000064.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 平柱 píngzhù

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Yuh-Fen Benda, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, entry contributor, “ 平柱 píngzhù

Additional Credit:

  • Initial research, data entry and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Proofreading and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

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