馬面 mǎmiàn

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000121

Terms

  • mǎmiàn (preferred) (Pinyin)
  • 馬面 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 马面 (Simplified Chinese)
  • ma-mien (Wade-Giles)
  • horse face (lit.) (English)1
  • bastions (English)2
  • projecting bastions (English)3
  • salients (English)4
  • yangma (Pinyin)5

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 STEINHARDT, Chinese Imperial City Planning, 7-8.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 57.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 57.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; HUANG, Defensive Structures and Construction Materials in Song City Walls, 50.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 HUANG, Defensive Structures and Construction Materials in Song City Walls, 50.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 齊, 中國土木建築百科詞典·建築卷, 226.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 STEINHARDT, Chinese Imperial City Planning, 7-8.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Fortification Elements

How to Cite This Entry

馬面 mǎmiàn” in Architectura Sinica last modified May 8, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000121.

Bibliography:

馬面 mǎmiàn.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 7, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000121.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 馬面 mǎmiàn

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Yuh-Fen Benda, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • JIA Tingli 賈亭立 and XIE Fei 谢菲, entry contributors, “ 馬面 mǎmiàn

Additional Credit:

  • Initial research and revision by JIA Tingli 賈亭立 XIE Fei 谢菲
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Data entry, proofreading and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Data entry, adding citations, and revising statements by SUN Zheng 孫正

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