Zhenru Monastery, main hall  真如寺大殿

https://architecturasinica.org/place/000290a

Names

  • main hall (English)
  • 大殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 大殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • dàdiàn (Pinyin)
  • ta-tien (Wade-Giles)
  • Zhenrusi main hall (English)
  • 真如寺大殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 真如寺大殿 (Simplified Chinese)

Location

  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 31.251389° Long. 121.396667°
  • Building Information

    While many of the compounds in the monastery are recent buildings, the main hall is considered an authentic building first constructed during Yuan Dynasty (Zuo 2019, 130). In August 1950, a local administrator found an inscription on an interior tie beam in the Zhenrusi main hall, which reads: “[The main hall] is built on the third day of the seventh month, the seventh year of yanyou reign of Yuan (1320),” which confirms the main hall is a Yuan architecture (Liu 1951, 91). However, the style of construction is heterogeneous, and Liu Dunzhen considers the main hall was first constructed in Yuan dynasty, restored in Ming dynasty, and several features were added in Qing dynasty (1951, 96). The main hall is north-south oriented and the main entrance is facing the south (Zuo 2019, 131). The ground plan of Zhenrusi main hall is special for its ratio between the front bay, middle bay, and rear bay, which is nearly 2:2:1 (Liu 1951, 91). Three-fourths of the central bay is occupied by Buddhist statues remaining on a rectangular altar (Zuo 2019, 131). Moreover, the roof frame of Zhenrusi main hall has several local features as it is a combination of mansion style and palatial style (Zuo 2019, 134). The hidden roof which canopies the front half of the main hall roof is rare in Yuan dynasty but is more prevalent in Japan, similar to the structure of noyane 野屋根(Zuo 2019, 132). Inscriptions on architectural members of the Zhenrusi main hall found in 1963 can be accurately understood through architectural terminology in Japanese, which further prooves its connection with Japanese architecture (Lu 1996, 8).1

    Site Information

    儘管真如寺中許多建築是隨後才落成,真如寺大殿被認為是一座元代木结构建築(左 2019, 130)。1950年8月,當地官員在真如寺大殿內梁上發現如下墨筆字:“峕大元歲次庚申演延祐七年癸未季夏月乙巳二十乙日巽時鼎建。”此發現亦可證實真如寺大殿為元代建築(劉 1951, 91)。然而由于大殿结构風格多樣,劉敦楨 (1951) 認為大殿初落成於元代,於明代多次重修,而一些特徵又於清代添加(91)。該大殿坐北朝南(左 2019, 131)。大殿內槽三間尺寸之比例頗為特別:由南向北第一間,第二間,和第三間之间比例約為二比二比一(劉 1951, 91)。大殿正中一間後四分之三有一長方形寶座,上立佛像一尊(左 2019, 131)。此外,大殿結構也具有本土特色,即為廳堂造與殿堂造之結合(左 2019, 134)。大殿內遮蔽用隱藏式屋頂在元代極為罕見,而更類似於日本流行的野屋根(左 2019, 132)。1963年在大殿構件发现五十四則墨筆字。这些文字可以由日語建築術語準確解釋,此發現揭示了真如寺大殿與日本建築的聯繫(路 1996, 8)。1

    Dynasty Yuan Dynasty 2

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 ZUO. 2019. Timber-Framed Architecture of the Lower Yangzi, 130-132, 134.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 劉. 1951. 真如寺正殿, 91.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 路. 1996. 从上海真如寺大殿看日本禅宗样的渊源, 8.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contained in Place


    How to Cite This Entry

    Chen Baolong 陈宝龙, “Zhenru Monastery, main hall 真如寺大殿 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified April 16, 2021, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000290a.

    Bibliography:

    Chen Baolong 陈宝龙, “Zhenru Monastery, main hall 真如寺大殿 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published April 14, 2021. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000290a.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Zhenru Monastery, main hall 真如寺大殿

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
    • Chen Baolong 陈宝龙, entry contributor, “Zhenru Monastery, main hall 真如寺大殿

    Additional Credit:

    • Initial research 2021 by Chen Baolong 陈宝龙
    • Editing and proof correction by ZUO Lala 左拉拉 Tracy Miller
    • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda

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