dìpán 地盤



  • dipan (Pinyin without tones)
  • 地盤 (Traditional Chinese)1
  • 地盘 (Simplified Chinese)
  • dìpán (Pinyin)
  • ti-p’an (Wade-Giles)
  • ground plates (lit.) (English)
  • ground plans (ATTCAT preferred) (English)
  • floor plans (English)2
  • foundations (English)3
  • sites (English)4
  • structure layouts (English)5


    Dipan is an architectural term seen in Yingzao fashi (1103) and Luban yingzao zhengshi (1465-1505), but is also used in texts related to building activities such as Zhuzi yulei (1270), and Yangzhou huafang lu (18th cen.). Interpretations of the term and its relevant images in the Yingzao fashi are under debate. Some scholars suggest it concerns the plan of puzuo (corbelling) seen at a vertical position above the pillar top (Chen Mingda, 2010), either understood as reflected ceiling plan (Chen Mingda 1981), or the view looking downward from above (Zhu Yongchun 2016). Others interpret the term as a ground plan showing pillar positions and, in some cases, the layout of puzuo (Pan Guxi, He Jianzhong 2005). Recently Ren Sijie has shown how this term was likely directly related to the building foundation Ren Sijie 2016).

    作爲傳統營造術語,主要見于《營造法式》(1103) 和《魯般營造正式》(1465-1505),也見於其他談及營造的傳統文獻,如《朱子語類》(1270)、《揚州畫舫錄》(18th cen.)等。對《營造法式》所謂“地盤”的具體含義存在爭議:一説是柱頭鋪作的平面佈置(陳明達 2010),有的觀點認為是柱頭仰視平面(陳明達 1981),也有認爲是柱頭俯視平面(朱永春 2016);一説是表示柱子分佈(或兼反映鋪作)的平面(潘谷西, 何建中 2005),有的觀點認爲或亦與基礎做法有關(任思捷 2016)。

Related concepts

Works Cited

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  • 1 李. 2009. 營造法式(故宫藏抄本), 卷31.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 魯. 1988. 明魯班營造正式Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 黎. 1473. 朱子語類Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 李. 1795. 揚州畫舫錄Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 陳. 1981. 營造法式大木作研究, 114.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 159.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 朱. 2016. 《營造法式》中殿閣地盤分槽圖的探索與引論, 82-97.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 潘. 2005. 《营造法式》解读, 248.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 353.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 REN. 2016. Foguangsi on Mount Wutai : Architecture of Politics and Religion, 368-375.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 353.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 32.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: building frame

Broad Match: foundations

How to Cite This Entry

REN Sijie 任思捷, “ 地盤 dìpán” in Architectura Sinica last modified September 6, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000018.


REN Sijie 任思捷, “ 地盤 dìpán.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 8, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000018.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 地盤 dìpán

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • REN Sijie 任思捷, entry contributor, “ 地盤 dìpán

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Initial research and revision by REN Sijie 任思捷
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Data entry, proofreading and revision by Tracy Miller
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

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