• tang (Pinyin without tones)1
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • táng (Pinyin)1
  • t'ang (Wade-Giles)
  • hall (English)


    Literally a main hall or hall, a tang is usually a building designed to house a special ritual or function (陳 2010, 310; Hucker 1985, 486; Guo 2002, 77; Fu 2017, 367; Kroll 2016, online edition). From records dating to the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods(770 BCE - 221 BCE), we can deduce that a tang originally referred to a building atop a podium. Additionally, the term tang was also used to refer to a high and open main room in the most important building of a larger complex. In pre-Qin sources (and after) this was the location for important ceremonial activities (Zhuge and Xue 2021, 102).2

    正房;舉行儀式用的房屋 (陳 2010, 310; Hucker 1985, 486; Guo 2002, 77; Fu 2017, 367; Kroll 2016, online edition). 基於春秋戰國時期的各類文獻可知,堂本意为為坐於台基上的房屋 。“堂“又是建築群主體建築物裡高敞部分之稱,為先文献记载的各項禮儀主要程式進行的地方(诸葛和薛 2021, 102)。2

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Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 310.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 310.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; HUCKER. 1985. A Dictionary of official titles in Imperial China, 486.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 77.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 367.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 漢語大詞典編纂処. 2011. 漢語大詞典, accessed May 27, 2022.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 诸葛. 2021. “厅堂”与“厅堂(式构架)”:一个词语的分裂史, 102.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

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How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛凈 et al., “ táng ” in Architectura Sinica last modified July 15, 2022, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000049.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛凈 et al., “ táng .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000049.

About this Entry

Entry Title: táng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛凈, YAN Anni 嚴安妮, and CHEN Zhuo 陈卓, entry contributors, “ táng

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Preliminary research ZHUGE Jing 諸葛凈 YAN Anni 嚴安妮 CHEN Zhuo 陈卓

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