• ci (Pinyin without tones)
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • (Pinyin)
  • tz`u (Wade-Giles)


    shrine (Guo 2002, 27); also the cultic sacrifice, often to an ancestor, taking place in a shrine (Miller 2007, 32-33)1


Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the editorial guidelines.

  • 1 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 27.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; MILLER. 2007. The Divine Nature of Power: Chinese Ritual Architecture at the Sacred Site of Jinci, 32-33.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

External relationships (3)

Date range

How to Cite This Entry

CMW S21, “ ” in Architectura Sinica last modified June 2, 2021,


CMW S21, “ .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018.

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  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
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  • Adding citation information 2021 by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净

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