fāng

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000116

Terms

  • fang (Pinyin without tones)
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • fāng (Pinyin)
  • fang (Wade-Giles)
  • square; square-shaped (beam or joist) (lit.) (English)
  • lintel (English)2
  • rafter plate; a horizontal structural member under and parallel to the purlins (English)3
  • squared beams (English)1

Note (brief)

    As used in the in the Yingzao fashi (1103) to define a building component, the fang 方 is a structural timber whose cross-section measurement is based on a single standard modular unit (dancai) of the larger building. Its application is relatively flexible, and the term is often modified by the names of locations where it is used within the building. In the Qing dynasty the character fang 枋 encompasses the architectural use of the character 方.4

    營造法式中, 方則指 斷面尺寸一單材為基準的小斷面構建,使用較靈活, 一所處位置有不同的名稱。

Related concept

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 35.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 KROLL, A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 108.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 35.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 35.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Building Frame

How to Cite This Entry

fāng” in Architectura Sinica last modified September 21, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000116.

Bibliography:

fāng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 7, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000116.

About this Entry

Entry Title: fāng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • CHEN Luxi 陳麓西, entry contributor, “ fāng

Additional Credit:

  • Initial research and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 CHEN Luxi 陳麓西
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Data entry and adding citations by SUN Zheng 孫正

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