方 fāng

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000116

Terms

  • squared beams (preferred) (English)1
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • fāng (Pinyin)
  • fang (Wade-Giles)
  • square; square-shaped (beam or joist) (lit.) (English)
  • lintel (English)2
  • rafter plate; a horizontal structural member under and parallel to the purlins (English)3

Note (brief)

    As an architectural member in the Yingzao fashi (1103), the fang 方 refers to a timber whose cross-section measurement utilizes the dancai for the building as a standard. Its use is relatively flexible, and the term is often modified by the names of the different location where it is used within the building. In the Qing dynasty fang 枋 is used rather than 方.4

    宋營造法式中, 方則指 斷面尺寸一單材為基準的小斷面構建,使用較靈活, 一所處位置有不同的名稱。

Related concept

    é 額

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 35.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 KROLL, A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 108.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 35.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 35.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Building Frame

How to Cite This Entry

fāng” in Architectura Sinica last modified May 7, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000116.

Bibliography:

fāng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 7, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000116.

About this Entry

Entry Title: fāng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Yuh-Fen Benda, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and CHEN Luxi 陳麓西, entry contributors, “ fāng

Additional Credit:

  • Initial research and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 CHEN Luxi 陳麓西
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Editing, proofreading and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Data entry, adding citations, and revising statements by SUN Zheng 孫正

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