Yixinggong 異形栱 literally means “irregularly-shaped bracket arm,” and are different from regular arch-shaped bracket arms (gong 栱), the ends of which support small bearing blocks (dou 斗), as defined in the Yingzao fashi. Homophonous with “wing-shaped bracket arms” (yixinggong 翼形栱), the use of irregular (異 yi) instead of wing (翼 yi) was first seen in 1955 and became more widespread after 1978, but usage was not consistent in all sources. The two forms of “yi” were sometimes used interchangeably, but “irregular” 異 was also used to as a means to differentiate a variety of irregularly shaped gong (rhomboidal, cloud, etc.) in buildings constructed after the Yuan dynasty from those bracket arms with an actual wing-like shape. Generally speaking, today scholars use this term to refer to all irregularly-shaped bracket arms, wing-shaped or otherwise, where the two ends do not support any block (dou 枓)(張 1979；南京工學院建築系 1987；郭 2003).2
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- 1 漢語大詞典編纂処. 2011. 漢語大詞典, accessed June 12, 2022.; KROLL. 2015. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, accessed 2015.
- 2 張. 1979. 山西元代殿堂的大木結構; NANJING GONG XUE YUAN JIAN ZHU XI. 1987. 曲阜孔廟建築; 郭. 2003. 中國古代建築史·宋遼金西夏建築
Broad Match: bracketing
How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:REN Sijie 任思捷 et al., “ 異形栱 yìxínggǒng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 23, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000240.
About this Entry
Entry Title: 異形栱 yìxínggǒng
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
- ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
- REN Sijie 任思捷 and Chen Jiaqi 陈加麒, entry contributors, “ 異形栱 yìxínggǒng”
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- English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
- Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
- Data entry, adding citations SUN Zheng
- Adding notes, bibliography, photo CHEN Zhuo 陈卓
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