Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace 文昌宮https://architecturasinica.org/place/000048j
- Wenchang Palace (English)
- 文昌宮 (Traditional Chinese)
- 文昌宫 (Simplified Chinese)
- Wénchānggōng (Pinyin)
- Wen-ch'ang-kung (Wade-Giles)
- 晉水七賢祠 (Traditional Chinese)
- 晋水七贤祠 (Simplified Chinese)
- Jin River Seven Worthies Shrine (English)
The present structure was built in the 38th year of Qianlong period (1773). According to the stele inscription by Yang Eryou 楊二酉 documenting that construction, the shrine was originally a one-bay wide building on the south bank of the Earl of Zhi canal. During the Yongzheng period (1723-1736) it was moved to a location on the north side of the canal. In 1763, with the completion of the pagoda in Fengshengyuan 奉聖院, a new site was divined and the building was built on previous endowed temple lands (香火地) located north of the canal (JCZ 41-43). Originally Jin River Worthies Shrine dedicated to 5 worthies and was located in the Jinxi Academy. In the 38 year of the Qianlong reign, when the Wenchang Temple-Palace was built, the shrine was moved to the central cavern below the Wenchang ge-pavilion and was changed to include seven worthies, they are: from the Zhou dynasty: Yu Rang 豫讓 (mid-5th century BCE); from the Tang dynasty: Li Bai 李白 (701-762) and Bai Juyi 白居易 (772-846); from the Song dynasty: Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹 (989-1052) and Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修 (1007-1072); from the Ming dynasty: Yu Qian 于謙 (1398-1457) and Wang Qiong 王瓊 (1459-1532) (JCZ 43).1
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- 1 劉, 晉祠志, 41-43.; MILLER, Divine Nature of Power, 190-191.
- 2 WILKINSON, Chinese History: A Manual, 12.
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How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:Tracy Miller, “Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace 文昌宮 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by . Entry published October 22, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000048j.
About this Entry
Entry Title: Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace 文昌宮
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, entry contributor, “Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace 文昌宮 ”
- Editing and proof correction Tracy Miller
- Data entry Waka Ogihara
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