Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace  晉祠文昌宮



  • Wenchang Palace (English)
  • 文昌宮 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 文昌宫 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Wénchānggōng (Pinyin)
  • Wen-ch'ang-kung (Wade-Giles)
  • 晉水七賢祠 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 晋水七贤祠 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Jin River Seven Worthies Shrine (English)
  • Jinshui Qixianci (English)


  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 37.708500° Long. 112.436166°
  • Building Information

    The present structure was built in the 38th year of Qianlong period (1773). According to the stele inscription by Yang Eryou 楊二酉 (jinshi 1733) documenting that construction, the shrine was originally a one-bay wide building on the south bank of the Earl of Zhi canal. During the Yongzheng period (1723-1736) it was moved to a location on the north side of the canal. In 1763, with the completion of the pagoda in Fengshengyuan 奉聖院, a new site was divined and the building was built on previous endowed temple lands (香火地) located north of the canal (Liu 1986, 41-43). Originally Jin River Worthies Shrine (Jinshui xianci 晉水賢祠) dedicated to 5 worthies and was located in the Jinxi Academy (Jinxi shuyuan 晉溪書院). In the 38 year of the Qianlong reign, when the Wenchang Temple-Palace was built, the shrine was moved to the central cavern below the Wenchang ge-pavilion and was changed to include seven worthies, they are: from the Zhou dynasty: Yu Rang 豫讓 (mid-5th century BCE); from the Tang dynasty: Li Bai 李白 (701-762) and Bai Juyi 白居易 (772-846); from the Song dynasty: Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹 (989-1052) and Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修 (1007-1072); from the Ming dynasty: Yu Qian 于謙 (1398-1457) and Wang Qiong 王瓊 (1459-1532) (Liu 1986, 43; Miller 2007, 190-191).1

    Date 1773
    Dynasty Qing 1644 - 1912 2

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 劉. 1986. 晉祠志, 41-43.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; MILLER. 2007. The Divine Nature of Power: Chinese Ritual Architecture at the Sacred Site of Jinci, 190-191.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contains artifact(s) (2)

    Date range

    Contained in Place

    How to Cite This Entry

    Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace 晉祠文昌宮 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified October 22, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000048j.


    Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace 晉祠文昌宮 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published October 22, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000048j.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Jin Shrines, Wenchang Palace 晉祠文昌宮

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica

    Additional Credit:

    • Editing and proof correction Tracy Miller
    • Data entry Waka Ogihara

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