- lan'e (Pinyin without tones)4
- 闌額 (Traditional Chinese)2
- 阑额 (Simplified Chinese)3
- lán'é (Pinyin)4
- lan-o (Wade-Giles)
- forehead rail (lit.) (English)
- pillar top tie beams (ATTCAT preferred) (English)1
- architraves (English)6
- column-top-ties (English)9
- connecting-beams (English)8
- lintels (English)5
- penetrating tie beams (English)7
In traditional Chinese timber-frame architecture, the lan’e refers to horizontal elements positioned between and on top of pillars with both ends inserted into the pillars. Its upper surface is level with the top of the pillar. In premodern sources, the term appears to only be used in the Yingzao fashi (1103), Chapters 4 and 5. Modern architectural historians use this term to describe architectural elements that accord with the Yingzao fashi description in buildings dating from the Tang (618-907) to early Ming (1368-1644) dynasties. This term is also used by some modern architectural historians to describe long horizontal elements, sometimes supported by dougong 斗拱, located above or between eaves pillars, as can be seen in representations of buildings in stone cave temples, wall paintings, and sarcophagi dating before the Tang dynasty.
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- 1 2018. ATTCAT 2018
- 2 李. 2009. 營造法式(故宫藏抄本), 4.9a; 5.3b-4a.
- 3 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 433.; 王. 2007. 中国古建筑术语辞典, 402.
- 4 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 52.
- 5 LIANG. 1984. A Pictorial History of Chinese Architecture: A Study of the Development of Its Structural System and the Evolution of Its Types, 9-10.; STEINHARDT. 1997. Liao Architecture, 74, 184.
- 6 LIANG. 1984. A Pictorial History of Chinese Architecture: A Study of the Development of Its Structural System and the Evolution of Its Types, 10.; FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 72, 360.; STEINHARDT. 1997. Liao Architecture, 74.; MILLER. 2007. The Divine Nature of Power: Chinese Ritual Architecture at the Sacred Site of Jinci, 201.
- 7 STEINHARDT. 1997. Liao Architecture, 176.
- 8 STEINHARDT. 1997. Liao Architecture, 74.
- 9 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 52.
Broad Match: building frame
How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 闌額 lān'é.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 22, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000038.
About this Entry
Entry Title: 闌額 lān'é
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
- ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
- ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and CHEN Luxi 陳麓西, entry contributors, “ 闌額 lān'é”
- Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
- Initial research and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, CHEN Luxi 陳麓西
- Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
- Data entry, proofreading and revision by Tracy Miller
- English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell
- Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
- Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正
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