闌額 lāné

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000038

Terms

  • pillar top tie beams (preferred) (English)1
  • 闌額 (Traditional Chinese)2
  • 阑额 (Simplified Chinese)3
  • lāné (zh-latn-pinyin-nt)
  • lán'é (Pinyin)4
  • lan-o (Wade-Giles)
  • forehead rail (lit.) (English)
  • architraves (English)6
  • column-top-ties (English)9
  • connecting-beams (English)8
  • lintels (English)5
  • penetrating tie beams (English)7

Note (brief)

    In traditional Chinese timber-frame architecture, the lan’e refers to horizontal elements positioned between and on top of pillars with both ends inserted into the pillars. Its upper surface is level with the top of the pillar. In premodern sources, the term appears to only be used in the Yingzao fashi (1103), chapters 4 and 5. Modern architectural historians use this term to describe architectural elements that accord with the Yingzao fashi description in buildings dating from the Tang (618-907) to early Ming (1368-1644) dynasties. This term is also used by some modern architectural historians to describe long horizontal elements, sometimes supported by dougong 斗拱, located above or between eaves pillars, as can be seen in representations of buildings in stone cave temples, wall paintings, and sarcophagi dating before the Tang dynasty. (Zhuge Jing 諸葛净, Chen Luxi 陳麓西, ATTCAT 2018)

    指位於相鄰兩柱間柱頭的水平構件,兩端插入柱中,上皮與柱頂平,通常位於檐部。有些學者認為位於室內,且上有補間鋪作者也叫闌額。闌額僅見於北宋《營造法式》卷四、卷五(初次刊行北宋崇寧二年,1103年)。現代建築史學者通常將之用於描述唐至明初建築物中符合上述描述的構件。有些學者也用此術語描述出現於唐以前石窟、壁畫中,或石槨等建築物形象的,檐柱之上或之間的長構件。

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 李, YZFS, 4.9a; 5.3b-4a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 陈, 《营造法式》辞解, 433.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王, 中国古建筑术语辞典, 402.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 52.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 LIANG, Pictorial History of Chinese Architecture, 9-10.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; STEINHARDT, Liao Architecture, 74, 184.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 6 LIANG, Pictorial History of Chinese Architecture, 10.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; FU, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 72, 360.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; STEINHARDT, Liao Architecture, 74.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; MILLER, Divine Nature of Power, 201.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 7 STEINHARDT, Liao Architecture, 176.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 8 STEINHARDT, Liao Architecture, 74.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 9 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 52.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Building Frame

How to Cite This Entry

闌額 lāné” in Architectura Sinica last modified June 11, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000038.

Bibliography:

闌額 lāné.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 22, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000038.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 闌額 lāné

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Yuh-Fen Benda, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and CHEN Luxi 陳麓西, entry contributors, “ 闌額 lāné

Additional Credit:

  • Initial research and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, CHEN Luxi 陳麓西
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Data entry, proofreading and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

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