• zhu (Pinyin without tones)
  • (Traditional Chinese)1
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • zhù (Pinyin)
  • chu (Wade-Giles)
  • pillars (lit.) (English)
  • pillars (ATTCAT preferred) (English)2
  • columns (English)3


    Broadly speaking, a pillar is any vertical architectural element. Pillars may extend to the foundation or be supported by other structural members, and shorter pillars are used within the roof frame. Pillars are named after their positions within the building. In the Song dynasty Yingzao fashi (1103), pillar types that extend to the foundation include leveling pillars (pingzhu 平柱), eaves pillars (yanzhu 檐柱), and corner pillars (jiaozhu 角柱). In the Qing dynasty Gongcheng zuofa (1734), major pillar types include yanzhu, interior pillars (jinzhu 金柱), and gable pillars (shanzhu 山柱).


Related concepts

Note (full)


Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 248.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王. 2007. 中国古建筑术语辞典, 268.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 2018. ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 64.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 李. 2009. 營造法式 (1103; 故宫藏抄本), 5.4b.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: building frame

Broad Match: foundations

How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, “ zhù” in Architectura Sinica last modified September 11, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000102.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, “ zhù.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 23, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000102.

About this Entry

Entry Title: zhù

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, entry contributor, “ zhù

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Initial research and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Data entry, proofreading, and revision by Tracy Miller
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

Copyright and License for Reuse

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