bǎnwǎ 瓪瓦



  • banwa (Pinyin without tones)
  • 瓪瓦 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 瓪瓦 (Simplified Chinese)
  • bǎnwǎ (Pinyin)
  • pan-wa (Wade-Giles)
  • concave tiles (lit.) (English)
  • plate tiles (ATTCAT preferred translation) (English)1
  • flat tiles (English)2


    Roofing tile of shallow concave shape; can serve as a gutter tile or a covering tile. Eaves tiles of this type have an overhanging lip to allow water to drip away from the bottom edge. These are categorized according to decorative treatment of the lip. Two types described in the Yingzao fashi (e.g. Chapter 13) are the chongchun banwa 重唇瓪瓦 and huatou banwa 華頭瓪瓦 (lit. flower/ornamented head plate tile). Although having the same pronunciation, from the Yuan dynasty onward this term was also written: "板瓦".

    瓪瓦。以後也寫作“板瓦”。弧形瓦件,用於屋面既可做底瓦,也可做蓋瓦。檐端的瓪瓦可粘掛模印有花紋的瓦頭,以利於排洩雨水。在《營造法式》(卷十三)中記載有“重唇瓪瓦”與“華頭瓪瓦” 兩種。

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 2018. ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 391.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: roofing tiles

How to Cite This Entry

JIA Tingli 賈亭立 et al., “ 瓪瓦 bǎnwǎ” in Architectura Sinica last modified July 20, 2022, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000104.


JIA Tingli 賈亭立 et al., “ 瓪瓦 bǎnwǎ.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published January 17, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000104.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 瓪瓦 bǎnwǎ

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • JIA Tingli 賈亭立 and BAO Lu 寶璐, entry contributors, “ 瓪瓦 bǎnwǎ

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Initial research and revision by JIA Tingli 賈亭立, BAO Lu 寶璐
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Data entry, proofreading, and revision by Yuh-Fen Benda, Tracy Miller
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Adding citations CHEN Yiyang 陳祎陽
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

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