Roofing tile of shallow concave shape; can serve as a gutter tile or a covering tile. Eaves tiles of this type have an overhanging lip to allow water to drip away from the bottom edge. These are categorized according to decorative treatment of the lip. Two types described in the Yingzao fashi (e.g. Chapter 13) are the chongchun banwa 重唇瓪瓦 and huatou banwa 華頭瓪瓦 (lit. flower/ornamented head plate tile). Although having the same pronunciation, from the Yuan dynasty onward this term was also written: "板瓦".
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- 1 ATTCAT 2018
- 2 FU, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 391.
Broad Match: roofing tiles
How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:JIA Tingli 賈亭立 et al., “ 瓪瓦 bǎnwǎ.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published January 17, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000104.
About this Entry
Entry Title: 瓪瓦 bǎnwǎ
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
- ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
- JIA Tingli 賈亭立 and BAO Lu 寶璐, entry contributors, “ 瓪瓦 bǎnwǎ”
- Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
- Initial research and revision by JIA Tingli 賈亭立, BAO Lu 寶璐
- Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
- Data entry, proofreading, and revision by Yuh-Fen Benda, Tracy Miller
- English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell
- Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
- Adding citations CHEN Yiyang 陳祎陽
- Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正
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