Meaning, literally, to "stich and bind" (Kroll 2015, 588, 359-360), according to the Yingzao fashi (1103), zhaqian refers to cross beams that span one rafter (Liang 1983, 142). Zhaqian usually only serves to connect two members, but is not load-bearing. In extant buildings in southeast China, a similar component--called shuiliang 水梁 in Zhejiang and Jiangsu, shumu 束木 in southern Fujian, and shuishu 水束 in Guangdong--structurally combines zhaqian, chashou 叉手, and tuojiao 托腳.6
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- 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 393.
- 2 KROLL. 2015. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 588, 359-360.
- 3 2018. ATTCAT 2018
- 4 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 29.
- 5 MILLER. 2008. The Eleventh-century Daxiongbaodian of Kaihuasi and Architectural Style in Southern Shanxi's Shangdang Region, 1-42.
- 6 KROLL. 2015. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 588, 359-360.; 梁. 1983. 《營造法式》註釋卷上, 142.
Broad Match: building frame
How to Cite This Entry
Bibliography:ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 剳牵 zhāqiān.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 12, 2021. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000141.
About this Entry
Entry Title: 剳牵 zhāqiān
Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:
- Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
- ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
- ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and WANG Yuanyuan 王媛媛, entry contributors, “ 剳牵 zhāqiān”
- Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
- Preliminary research CMW 2021
- Peer review by ATTCAT 2021
- English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
- Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
- Data entry and adding citation(s) by CHEN Baolong 陈宝龙
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