xiēshān zhuǎnjiǎo 歇山轉角



  • xieshan zhuanjiao (Pinyin without tones)
  • 歇山轉角 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 歇山转角 (Simplified Chinese)
  • xiēshān zhuǎnjiǎo (Pinyin)
  • hsieh-shan chuan-chiao (Wade-Giles)
  • hip-gable roof (English)1


    Following Wang Puzi's research, xieshan zhuanjiao has the same meaning as xieshan, commonly translated as hip-gable roof. Indeed, xieshan may be short for xieshan zhuanjiao because they are used interchangeably (Wang 1995, 6-10).2

    The term xieshan zhuanjiao first appeared in the Ming dynasty in two contexts. The first is the stipulation in the official records that officials were not allowed to build their houses in this form (佚名 1573-1620,8.17b). The second is part of a description of the main hall of the temple or the tower above city gates (chenglou 城樓) in the local gazetteers (difangzhi 地方志) from North China (Shao 2013,108; Yu 1573-1620, 5.10a; Liu 1673, 31a; Cheng 1739, 7.4a; Yan 1760, 26.4a). However, there is no description of the form or structure of xieshan zhuanjiao in literature from the Ming dynasty. In the Qing dynasty, both xieshan zhuanjiao and xieshan are used in official architectural records. 3

    從王璞子的論著中推論,“歇山轉角”的含義同“歇山”,“歇山”或為“歇山轉角”的簡稱。在其論著行文中,“歇山轉角”與“歇山”兩個詞通用(王 1995,6-10)。2

    “歇山轉角”一詞最早出現在明代文獻中,其使用場合有二:一為禮制官書中對官員營造房屋不許“歇山轉角”的規定(佚名 1573-1620,8.17b);二為地方誌(均在華北地區)中對宇中的主殿或城池上城樓的描述(邵 2013,108; 于 1573-1620,5.10a; 劉 1673,31a; 程 1739,7.4a; 顏 1760,26.4a)。但未見明代文獻中對其樣式有明確描述。在清代營造做法的官刊書籍中“歇山轉角”和“歇山”均有使用。3

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 369.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 王. 1995. 工程做法注释, 6-10.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 佚名. 1573-1620. 禮儀定式, 8.17b.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 邵. 2013. 泰山神庙剧场考, 108.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 于. 1573-1620. 萬曆兗州府志, 5.10a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 劉. 1673. 康熙高唐州志, 31a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 程. 1739. 乾隆天津府志, 7.4a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 顏. 1760. 乾隆泰安府志, 26.4a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: roof types

How to Cite This Entry

ZHOU Jun 周俊 et al., “ 歇山轉角 xiēshān zhuǎnjiǎo” in Architectura Sinica last modified November 26, 2021, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000189.


ZHOU Jun 周俊 et al., “ 歇山轉角 xiēshān zhuǎnjiǎo.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published September 12, 2021. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000189.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 歇山轉角 xiēshān zhuǎnjiǎo

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHOU Jun 周俊 and JIA Tingli 賈亭立, entry contributors, “ 歇山轉角 xiēshān zhuǎnjiǎo

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Preliminary research CMW 2021
  • Data entry, adding links 2021 by ZHANG Xuliang 張序亮
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2021
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉

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