páishāngōudī 排山勾滴



  • paishan goudi (Pinyin without tones)1
  • 排山勾滴 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 排山勾滴 (Simplified Chinese)
  • páishān gōudī (Pinyin)1
  • p'ai-shan kou-ti (Wade-Giles)


    The term paishan goudi 排山勾滴 combines the words paishan, referring to the practice of aligning rooftiles (pai 排) along the slope of the gable end (shanmian 山面, lit. “mountain (peak)” “side”), and goudi, which refers to the goutou 勾頭 and dishui 滴水 capping tiles. In placing more emphasis on practice of paishan, it is also called “capping the gable-end tiles” (lingdang paisha 鈴鐺排山; lit. aligning bell clappers along the gable end; Liu 1993, 193; Wang 1995, 31).3

    Scholars have determined that goudi 勾滴 generally refers to dishui 滴水 (“drip tiles”), i.e. the tiles located at the lowest part of the roof with a “ruyi” 如意 or multi-lip 重唇-shape at the end of the plate tile (Liu 1932, 168; Liang and Liu 1933, 160; Bao, Liu and Liang 1934, 12-13; Liu 1935, 165). However, in the compound term paishan goudi, goudi should be understood as a combination of the abbreviated names of goutou and dishui (Liang 1982, 37, 78; Liu 1993, 168; Wang 1995, 31).4

    “排山勾滴”是“排山”和“勾滴”組合而成的瓦屋面術語,主要見於清代官刊文獻。“排山”指順山面排列而上的做法,“勾滴”指勾頭滴水。在更強調排山這種做法時,又稱“鈴鐺排山” (劉大可 1993, 193; 王璞子 1995, 31)。3

    關於“勾滴”,根據文獻和學者的研究,一般指“滴水”,即位於隴溝最下端,且瓦端有如意形或重唇形下垂的瓪瓦(劉敦楨 1932, 168; 梁和劉 1933, 160; 鮑, 劉和梁 1934, 12–13; 劉敦楨 1935, 165);但在“排山勾滴”的語義下,“勾滴”應作複合詞,是“勾頭”和“滴水”的通稱(梁 1981, 37、78; 劉大可 1993, 168; 王 1995, 31)。4

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 漢語大詞典編纂処. 2011. 漢語大詞典, accessed July 1, 2022.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 劉. 2015. 中國古建築瓦石營法, 193.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 363.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王. 1995. 工程做法注释, 31.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 劉. 1932. 大壯室筆記, 168.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梁. 1933. 大同古建築調查報告, 160.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 鮑. 1934. 漢代的建築式樣與裝飾, 12-13.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 劉. 1935. 圖書介紹, 165.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 梁. 1981. 清式營造則例, 37、78.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 劉. 2015. 中國古建築瓦石營法, 168.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王. 1995. 工程做法注释, 31.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: roofing tiles

How to Cite This Entry

JIA Tingli 贾亭立 et al., “ 排山勾滴 páishāngōudī” in Architectura Sinica last modified May 31, 2023, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000239.


JIA Tingli 贾亭立 et al., “ 排山勾滴 páishāngōudī.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published July 1, 2022. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000239.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 排山勾滴 páishāngōudī

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • JIA Tingli 贾亭立 and DOU Keqin 窦可親, entry contributors, “ 排山勾滴 páishāngōudī

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  • Preliminary research and revision by DOU Keqin 窦可親
  • Data entry by CHEN Zhuo 陈卓
  • Entry of revised data and links by LI Zhixian 李知賢

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