píngliáng 平梁



  • pingliang (Pinyin without tones)
  • 平梁 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 平梁 (Simplified Chinese)
  • píngliáng (Pinyin)1
  • p'ing-liang (Wade-Giles)
  • level, flat; even; roofbeam, ridgepole (lit.) (English)2
  • level cross beam (ATTCAT preferred translation) (English)3
  • top beam (English)4
  • two-rafter crossbeam (English)5

Note (full)

    Pingliang refers to cross beams that span two rafters and are located on the highest layer of the roof frame. This term is used in the Yingzao fashi, where it is also called pingfu 平栿. In extant architecture, shuzhu 蜀柱 and chashou 叉手 are joined into the top of the pingliang (Liang 1983, 142 ; Chen 2010, 114). In official Qing dynasty architectural terminology, the beam in the location of the pingliang is called sanjialiang 三架梁, meaning a beam that spans three purlins (and two rafters), or taipingliang 太平梁.6

    平梁為《營造法式》(1103)所用術語,也稱平栿。指長兩,位於梁架最上一層的。現存實例中平梁上通常立蜀柱叉手(梁 1983, 142;陳 2010, 114)。在官式的梁架及其術語體系中,屋架最上層的太平梁三架梁與《營造法式》平梁相當。6

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 114.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 KROLL. 2015. A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, N/A.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 2018. ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 62.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 363.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 6 梁. 1983. 《營造法式》註釋卷上, 142.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 114.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: building frame

External relationships (1)

Date range

How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 平梁 píngliáng” in Architectura Sinica last modified November 11, 2021, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000139.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 平梁 píngliáng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 12, 2021. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000139.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 平梁 píngliáng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and WANG Yuanyuan 王媛媛, entry contributors, “ 平梁 píngliáng

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Preliminary research CMW 2021
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2021
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
  • Data entry and adding citation(s) by CHEN Baolong 陈宝龙
  • Adding links by CHEN Baolong 陈宝龙

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