lìnggǒng 令栱



  • linggong (Pinyin without tones)2
  • 令栱 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 令栱 (Simplified Chinese)
  • lìnggǒng (Pinyin)1
  • ling-kung (Wade-Giles)3
  • order bracket-arm (English)4
  • lead bracket-arm (English)5
  • order-arm (English)6
  • regular-arm (English)7
  • 枠肘木 (ja)8
  • 肘木 (ja)9


    Linggong is a type of bracket arm in dougong that is parallel to the building’s facade. According to the Yingzao fashi, the linggong is equal in length to the huagong (Li 2009, 4.3b). Based on its location, the linggong can be divided into two types. When used under the eaves, the linggong is located above the uppermost layer of huagong or ang (whichever is on the top) and supports tie beams that in turn support the eaves. When used elsewhere in the building, linggong are located beneath the purlins. Linggong support the purlins through an intermediary timber member called a timu 替木 (Pan and He 2005, 99). 10

    令栱是斗栱中平行於屋身方向的一種,基本特征是其上不再施其它栱,且按《營造法式》規定,與華栱等長 (李 2009, 4.3b) 按照使用位置可以分為兩種情況:用於簷下時,令栱位於斗栱裡外最上一層華栱或之上,承接簷下的槫子或枋;用於屋內時,通过替木承槫(潘和何 2005, 99)。 10

Related concepts

    單栱 dāngǒng

    重栱 chónggǒng

    瓜子栱 guāzǐgǒng

    慢栱 màngǒng

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 131.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 55.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 LIANG. 2005. Chinese architecture: a pictorial history, 10.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 STEINHARDT. 2019. Chinese architecture: a history, 113.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 360.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 6 STEINHARDT. 2019. Chinese architecture: a history, 159.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 7 STEINHARDT. 1984. Chinese Traditional Architecture, 124.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 8 田中. 2000. 《營造法式》自序看詳總釋部分校補譯注 (上), 771-813.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 9 近藤. 1991. 古建築の細部意匠, 35.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 10 李. 2009. 營造法式 (1103; 故宫藏抄本), 4.3b.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 潘. 2005. 《营造法式》解读, 99.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: bracketing

How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 令栱 lìnggǒng” in Architectura Sinica last modified May 31, 2023, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000156.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 令栱 lìnggǒng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 18, 2021. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000156.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 令栱 lìnggǒng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and HUAN Kaijie 还凯洁, entry contributors, “ 令栱 lìnggǒng

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Preliminary research and revision by HUAN Kaijie 还凯洁
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2021
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
  • Data entry, adding citations and gloss by HUANG Danni 黄聃婗
  • Entry of revised data and links by LI Zhixian 李知賢

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