昂 áng

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000103

Terms

  • slanted bracket arms (preferred) (English)1
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • áng (Pinyin)
  • ang (Wade-Giles)
  • raise up; lift up (lit.) (English)4
  • (descending or ascending) cantilevers (English)2

Note

Angled timber member used in corbel bracket sets and placed perpendicular to the building plane. Can be descending (下昂 xia'ang), where the tip extends downward through the bracket set to the exterior of the building; or ascending (上昂 shang'ang), where it extends from the building plane upward, usually to support the interior building frame. Level timbers placed perpendicular to the building plane include 華栱 huagong and 耍頭 shuatou.

From the Song and Jin dynasties we see buildings where 華栱 huagong were made to look like 下昂 xiaang and 耍頭 shuatou. These are sometimes called imitation ang (假昂 jiaang), and slanted bracket arm-shaped shuatou (昂形耍頭 angxing shuatou) (ATTCAT 2018; Tracy Miller and Zhuge Jing).

铺作中垂直于屋身方向的斜向构件。可以是下昂,用于外跳,昂身穿过铺作向外伸出,昂嘴向下倾斜;或上昂,常用于里跳,向上支撑内部结构。铺作中垂直于屋身方向的水平出跳构件有华栱和耍头。宋金以后,有时华栱或耍头会在外跳做成昂的形状,称为假昂,及昂形耍头 (ATTCAT 2018; 梅晨曦; 諸葛净).

Related concepts:

下昂 xià'áng

上昂 shàngáng

華栱 huágǒng

耍頭 shuǎtóu

假昂 jiǎ'áng

昂形耍頭 ángxíng shuǎtóu

插昂 chā'áng3

假昂頭 jiǎ'ángtóu3

鋪作 pūzuò

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 FU, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 349.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 王, 中国古建筑术语辞典, 395.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 KROLL, A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 4.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Bracketing

How to Cite This Entry Show full citation information...

áng” in Architectura Sinica last modified January 24, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000103.

Bibliography:

áng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published January 24, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000103.

About this Entry

Entry Title: áng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, general editor,
  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Yuh-Fen Benda, entry contributor, “ áng

Additional Credit:

  • Initial Research ATTCAT 2018
  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Data entry SONG Qisen

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