• ang (Pinyin without tones)
  • (Traditional Chinese)
  • (Simplified Chinese)
  • áng (Pinyin)
  • ang (Wade-Giles)
  • raise up; lift up (lit.) (English)3
  • slanted bracket arms (ATTCAT preferred) (English)1
  • (descending or ascending) cantilevers (English)2

Note (brief)

    Angled timber member used in corbel bracket sets and placed perpendicular to the building plane. Can be descending (下昂 xia'ang), where the tip extends downward through the bracket set to the exterior of the building; or ascending (上昂 shang'ang), where it extends from the building plane upward, usually to support the interior building frame. Level timbers placed perpendicular to the building plane include huagong 華栱 and shuatou 耍頭.

    From the Song and Jin dynasties (10th-13th centuries), we see buildings where huagong 華栱 and shuatou 耍頭 were made to look like xiaang 下昂. These are sometimes called pretend ang (假昂 jia'ang), and slanted bracket arm-shaped shuatou (angxing shuatou 昂形耍頭).


Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 ATTCAT 2018Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 FU, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 349.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 KROLL, A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, 4.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 王, 中国古建筑术语辞典, 395.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: bracketing

How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, “ áng” in Architectura Sinica last modified March 10, 2021, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000103.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, “ áng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published January 24, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000103.

About this Entry

Entry Title: áng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, entry contributor, “ áng

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Initial research and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Data entry, proofreading, and revision by Tracy Miller
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净
  • Adding citations SONG Qisen 松奇森
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

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