píngbǎnfāng 平板枋



  • pingbanfang (Pinyin without tones)1
  • 平板枋 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 平板枋 (Simplified Chinese)
  • píngbǎnfāng (Pinyin)1
  • p'ing-pan-fang (Wade-Giles)


    Pingbanfang is a tie beam with a rectilinear section that is placed on top of the pillar top tie beam (e’fang 額枋) to support dougong 斗栱 (Liang 1981, 77). The term pingbanfang is equivalent to the Song dynasty term pupaifang and is most commonly found in the Gongcheng zuofa and other books published in the Qing dynasty. Architectural historians use this term to describe buildings from the Ming and Qing dynasties. 2

    平板枋為置於額枋之上、承接斗栱的枋類構件(梁 1981,77)。學者通常認為其等同於《營造法式》中的普拍方。主要見於清工部《工程做法》,也見用於《圓明園內工則例》、《地宮作法》和《揚州畫舫錄》等清代官式建築和城市營造技術的記載。當代建築史學者用此類術語描述清代建築物,有時候也會用平板枋來描述明代建築物。2

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 刘. 1957. 中国建筑类型及结构, 9.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 梁. 1981. 清式營造則例, 77.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: building frame

How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 平板枋 píngbǎnfāng” in Architectura Sinica last modified May 31, 2023, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000225.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 平板枋 píngbǎnfāng.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 28, 2022. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000225.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 平板枋 píngbǎnfāng

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and WANG Ruodi 王若菂, entry contributors, “ 平板枋 píngbǎnfāng

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Initial research and revision by WANG Ruodi 王若菂
  • Data entry 2022 by LI Zhixian 李知賢
  • Entry of revised data and links by LI Zhixian 李知賢

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