Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall  大雲院大佛殿

https://architecturasinica.org/place/000158

Place Type: 

Names

  • Amitābha Hall (English)
  • 大佛殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 大佛殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Dafodian (Pinyin)
  • Dayunyuan Dafodian (English)
  • 大雲院大佛殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 大云院大佛殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • 仙岩院,大雲禪院 (Traditional Chinese)
  • Xianyanyuan, Dayunchanyuan
  • Mituodian

Location

  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 36.35619167° Long. 113.4353267°
  • Building Information

    Great Buddha Hall (大佛殿) of Dayunyuan is also known as Amitābha Hall (彌陀殿), it was built in the fifth year of Later Jin Tianfu (後晉天福) reign period (940). It is built on a 1.3 m high brick podium. The hall has a front façade of 3 bays wide and depth of 6 rafters. Having a single eaves hip-gable roof, the six-rafter-deep hall is supported by four-rafter beam facing an anterior rufu tie-beam with three columns in cross-section. The column-tops hold five-layer bracket sets with double petal bracket-arms and there are single intercolumnar bracket clusters. As it was in the Tang dynasty, the central bay of the back trough inside the hall is supported by two columns (金柱) and lack any column-top tie-beam. The roof frame is composes of an array of styles--up to 8 different styles of camel’s-hump braces of varying sizes. In addition, the interior roof frame still holds the remains of a portion of a Five Dynasties period polychrome painting, which is a rarity among the surviving premodern buildings. There is a bi-valve door on the central bay of both the front and back facades; as well as prism-lattice windows under the two side bays of the front facade. A 28.8-square meter mural, the only mural extant since the Five-Dynasties in all known Chinese temples, is found on the interior east wall, north wall, and screen wall. On the east wall is a transformation tableau of Vimalakīrtinirdeśa (維摩變相), and the back wall features a transformation tableau Western Pure Land (西方淨土變). The figures of the mural are vivid and animate.1
    Date 940
    Dynasty Later Jin 936 - 946 2

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 国家文物局, 中国文物地图集. 山西分册, II:305; 34-C5-1.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON, Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contained in Place


    How to Cite This Entry

    Tracy Miller, “Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院大佛殿 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified March 27, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000158.

    Bibliography:

    Tracy Miller, “Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院大佛殿 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000158.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院大佛殿

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
    • Tracy Miller, entry contributor, “Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院大佛殿

    Additional Credit:

    • Translation 2017 by WONG Pui See
    • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller
    • adding citations Melanie Lu

    Copyright and License for Reuse

    Except otherwise noted, this page is © 2018.

    Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.