Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall  大雲院彌陀殿

https://architecturasinica.org/place/000158

Names

  • Amitābha Hall (English)
  • 彌陀殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 弥陀殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Mítuódiàn (Pinyin)
  • Mi-t'o-tien (Wade-Giles)
  • Dayunyuan Amitābha Hall (English)
  • 大雲院彌陀殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • Dàyúnyuàn Mítuódiàn (Pinyin)
  • Great Buddha Hall (English)
  • 大佛殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • Dàfódiàn (Pinyin)

Location

  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 36.35619167° Long. 113.4353267°
  • Building Information

    The Amitābha Hall (彌陀殿) of Dayunyuan is also known as Great Buddha Hall (大佛殿), it was built in the fifth year of Later Jin Tianfu (後晉天福) reign period (940). It is built on a 1.3 m high brick podium. The hall has a front façade of 3 bays wide and depth of 6 rafters. Having a single eaves hip-gable roof, the six-rafter-deep hall is supported by four-rafter beam facing an anterior rufu tie-beam with three columns in cross-section. The column-tops hold five-layer bracket sets with double petal bracket-arms and there are single intercolumnar bracket clusters. As it was in the Tang dynasty, the central bay of the back trough inside the hall is supported by two columns (金柱) and lack any column-top tie-beam. The roof frame is composes of an array of styles--up to 8 different styles of camel’s-hump braces of varying sizes. In addition, the interior roof frame still holds the remains of a portion of a Five Dynasties period polychrome painting, which is a rarity among the surviving premodern buildings. There is a bi-valve door on the central bay of both the front and back facades; as well as prism-lattice windows under the two side bays of the front facade. A 28.8-square meter mural, the only mural extant since the Five-Dynasties in all known Chinese temples, is found on the interior east wall, north wall, and screen wall. On the east wall is a transformation tableau of Vimalakīrtinirdeśa (維摩變相), and the back wall features a transformation tableau Western Pure Land (西方淨土變). The figures of the mural are vivid and animate.1
    Date 940
    Dynasty Later Jin 936 - 946 2

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 国家文物局, 中国文物地图集. 山西分册, II:305; 34-C5-1.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON, Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contained in Place


    How to Cite This Entry

    Tracy Miller, “Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院彌陀殿 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified September 26, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000158.

    Bibliography:

    Tracy Miller, “Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院彌陀殿 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000158.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院彌陀殿

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
    • Tracy Miller, entry contributor, “Dayun Cloister, Amitābha Hall 大雲院彌陀殿

    Additional Credit:

    • Translation 2017 by WONG Pui See
    • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller
    • adding citations Melanie Lu

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