丁栿 dīngfú

https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000017

Terms

  • T-beams (preferred) (English)1
  • 丁栿 (Traditional Chinese)2
  • 丁栿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • dīngfú (Pinyin)3
  • ting-fu (Wade-Giles)

Note (brief)

    In traditional Chinese timber-frame architecture, the dingfu refers to cross beams used on the gable sides of the building with gable and hip roof (xieshan) or with hip roof (wudian). T-beams are parallel to the roof ridge and form a T shape with cross beams perpendicular to roof ridge. The term appears in the Yingzao Fashi only (Palace Museum ed., e.g. 5.7b) . Modern architectural historians use this term to describe cross beams on the gable sides of buildings dating from the Tang (618-907) to early Ming (1368-1644) dynasties.

    丁栿指四阿(即廡殿)或廈兩頭(即歇山)房屋山面承屋蓋用的梁,與進深方向的梁在平面上成"丁"字形。丁栿僅見於宋《營造法式》故宫藏抄本 5.7b。現代學者將之用於對唐至明初建築物的描述。

Note (full)

    丁栿指四阿(即廡殿)或廈兩頭(即歇山)房屋山面的梁,與進深方向的梁在平面上成"丁"字形。丁栿僅見於宋《營造法式》(初刊於崇寧二年,1103年)。現代學者將之用於對唐至明初建築物的描述。 梁思成在《營造法式註釋》中認為"丁栿梁首由外檐鋪作承托,梁尾搭在檐栿上,與檐栿(在平面上)構成"丁"字形。"(梁思成,1983:152)陳明達的定義與之相似:"四阿或廈兩頭房屋,承山面屋蓋所用大梁,與橫向屋架上的大梁成丁字相疊壘,故名'丁栿'"。但陳明達的解釋未強調梁首由外檐鋪作承托(陳明達,2010:13)。同樣有學者認為"丁栿應不僅限於山面檐步,凡用於山面的與正身梁栿丁字相交的縱向梁栿都可謂之丁栿。"(賈洪波,2010:93)江南地區宋元時期井字形構架的建築,山面梁栿和順身梁栿一樣尾部插入中心柱中,在這方面有重要研究的一些學者仍以乳栿稱之。(圖)(張十慶,2015)但也有發明"丁乳栿"一詞稱呼該類構件的個例。 (張亞宣,2017)

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 32.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 李, YZFSLink to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 李, YZFS 注释, 152.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 陈, 《营造法式》辞解, 13.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 FU, Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 353.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; GUO, A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture 中國建築英漢雙解辭典, 32.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: Building Frame

How to Cite This Entry

丁栿 dīngfú” in Architectura Sinica last modified February 14, 2020, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000017.

Bibliography:

丁栿 dīngfú.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published May 20, 2019. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000017.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 丁栿 dīngfú

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • Yuh-Fen Benda, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and CHEN Luxi 陳麓西, entry contributors, “ 丁栿 dīngfú

Additional Credit:

  • Initial research and revision by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, CHEN Luxi 陳麓西
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2018
  • Editing and proofreading by Tracy Miller
  • Data entry and revision by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Revising title statement by SUN Zheng 孫正

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