bǔjiān pūzuò 補間鋪作



  • bujian puzuo (Pinyin without tones)1
  • 補間鋪作 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 补间铺作 (Simplified Chinese)
  • bǔjiān pūzuò (Pinyin)1
  • pu-chien p'u-tso (Wade-Giles)
  • supplementary bay corbelling (lit.) (English)
  • intercolumnar corbelling (ATTCAT preferred translation) (English)2
  • intercolumnar bracket set (English)2
  • corbels between pillars (English)3
  • in-bay additional puzuo-set (English)6
  • intercolumnar set (English)6


    Bujian puzuo is the Song dynasty term for dougong 斗栱 placed between two pillars and on top of a lan'e 闌額 or a pupaifang 普拍方 (Chen 2010, 331). It is considered to be equivalent to pingshenke 平身科 used in the Qing dynasty Gongcheng zuofa (Gongbu 1734,15.1a). In premodern sources, the term bujian puzuo appears to be used only in the Yingzao fashi (1103). Modern architectural historians commonly use it to describe the intercolumnar bracket-sets of buildings from the Tang (618-907) through the Ming dynasties (1368-1644). 4

    According to some scholars, the mature bujian puzuo did not appear until the Tang Dynasty (Han 1988, 61). Most scholars agree that its emergence was closely related to the linking of the structural frame of the body of the building with the roof structure. The pillar top bracket-sets (zhutou puzuo 柱頭鋪作) and the bujian puzuo together support beams called luohan fang 羅漢枋 (arhat beams), which support the liaoyan fang 撩檐枋, the beams that directly support the eaves rafters. The emergence of bujian puzuo allowed for more extensive overhanging eaves, which helped protect the earthen walls from the rain (Wen 2010; Wang 2011, 2, 6-27; Shen 1995). Bujian puzuo may have enabled technological developments in other components, including ang, tiaowo, and pupaifang. 5

    補間鋪作是指兩柱頭之間、置於闌額普拍方之上的成組的斗栱構件(陳,2010:331)。通常認為等同於清工部《工程做法》中的平身科(工部 1734,15.1a)。補間鋪作僅見於《營造法式》。現代建築史學者通常將其用於描述唐至明代的建築物。 4

    有學者認爲, 成熟的補間鋪作至唐代才出現。(漢,1988:61)盛唐之後,在兩柱間設置出跳補間的做法已經基本確定。學者多認同它在結構上與屋架結構緊密關聯,用以承羅漢枋,直至與柱頭鋪作一起承接撩簷枋,從而能夠承托較大的簷口部分(溫 2010;王 2011, 26-27;沈 1995)。此外,補間鋪作出跳也引發相關構件的聯動,涉及挑斡普拍方等。 5

Related concepts

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 346.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 漢語大詞典編纂処. 2011. 漢語大詞典, accessed May 28, 2022.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 2 STEINHARDT. 1997. Liao Architecture, 79, 81, 82, 92, 174, 178, 179, 203, 338.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 3 FU. 2017. Traditional Chinese Architecture: Twelve Essays, 349.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 4 陳. 2010. 《營造法式》辭解, 331.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 清工部. 1734. 工程做法則例, 15.1a.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 5 漢. 1988. 明清建築二論, 61.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 温. 2010. 辽金木构建筑的补间铺作与建筑立面表现, accessed Feb 26, 2023.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 王. 2011. 中国古代木结构建筑比例与尺度研究, accessed Feb 26, 2023.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 沈. 1995. 斜栱演变及普拍枋的作用, accessed Feb 26, 2023.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 6 GUO. 2002. A Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture, 21.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

Broad Match: bracketing

How to Cite This Entry

ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 補間鋪作 bǔjiān pūzuò” in Architectura Sinica last modified May 31, 2023, https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000105.


ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 et al., “ 補間鋪作 bǔjiān pūzuò.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published January 17, 2020. https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000105.

About this Entry

Entry Title: 補間鋪作 bǔjiān pūzuò

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净, associate editor, Architectural Terminology
  • ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 and CONG Jiayi 丛佳仪, entry contributors, “ 補間鋪作 bǔjiān pūzuò

Additional Credit:

  • Website coordination by Yuh-Fen Benda
  • Peer review by ATTCAT 2022
  • English proofreading by Aurelia Campbell Tracy Miller
  • Chinese proofreading by ZHUGE Jing 諸葛净 ZUO Lala 左拉拉
  • Editing, proofreading, and revision by Tracy Miller
  • Preliminary research and revision by CONG Jiayi 丛佳仪
  • Data entry Melanie LU
  • adding citations by LI Zhixian 李知賢
  • Entry of revised data and links by LI Zhixian 李知賢

Copyright and License for Reuse

Except otherwise noted, this page is © 2020.

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.