Longxing Monastery, Tianwang Hall 隆興寺天王殿



  • Celestial Kings Hall (English)
  • 天王殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 天王殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Tianwangdian (Pinyin)
  • T`ien-wang-tien (Wade-Giles)
  • Longxingsi Tianwangdian (English)
  • 隆興寺天王殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 隆兴寺天王殿 (Simplified Chinese)


  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 38.14109167° Long. 114.5763528°
  • Building Information

    Tianwang Hall is the first major wooden structure on the central axis of the Longxing Monastery complex. Since there is no mountain gate in the monastery, Tianwang Hall plays the role of the main entrance to Longxing Temple (河北省正定縣文物保管所 2000, 3). We have found no textual information to document the initial creation of this building, but it can be dated to the Northern Song dynasty based on its framework and bracket features. The hall is five bays or 23.28 meters wide, two bays or 9.62 meters deep, with a single-eaves, green glazed tile, hip-gable (shaliangtou 厦兩頭 or xieshan 歇山) roof. The total building area is about 380 square meters. The column tops are decorated with five-layer, double-stolen heart (touxinzao 偷心造) bracket sets. The bracket sets of Tianwang Hall underwent additions and modifications in the 45th year of the Qing dynasty Qianlong reign period (1780), when the first step of the Song dynasty column top layout was changed and smaller (pingshenke 平身科) were added as intercolumnar bracket sets (bujian puzuo 補間鋪作).1

    天王殿為隆興寺中軸線上第一座主要木構建築。因隆興寺未設山門,天王殿起到了隆興寺大門入口的作用 (河北省正定縣文物保管所 2000,3)。此殿的創建年代未被文字資料記載,但根據架構以及斗栱特征可推斷其為北宋建築。該殿面闊五間,寬23.28米,進深兩間,深9.62米,為單檐歇山綠琉璃瓦剪邊頂。總建築面積約為380平方米。柱頭施五鋪作雙抄偷心造斗栱。天王殿的斗栱在乾隆四十五年(1780)經歷了增補修改,改製了宋朝柱頭鋪作原構的第一跳華栱,並在柱間添加了補間鋪作平身科)。1

    Date 982 (with 18th century modifications)
    Dynasty Northern Song 960 - 1127 2

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 河北省正定縣文物保管所. 2000. 正定隆興寺, 3-5.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 2013. 中国文物地图集. 河北分册, 37.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contained in Place

    How to Cite This Entry

    CMW (HART 2815) F23, “ Longxing Monastery, Tianwang Hall 隆興寺天王殿 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified April 29, 2024, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000209.


    CMW (HART 2815) F23, “ Longxing Monastery, Tianwang Hall 隆興寺天王殿 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000209.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Longxing Monastery, Tianwang Hall 隆興寺天王殿

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
    • CMW (HART 2815) F23, entry contributor, “ Longxing Monastery, Tianwang Hall 隆興寺天王殿

    Additional Credit:

    • Website coordination: Yuh-Fen Benda
    • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision: Tracy Miller
    • Page creation: KWON Soonmin
    • Adding citations: SONG Qisen YAN Yiyang 嚴一洋

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