Longmen Monastery, Celestial Kings Hall  龍門寺天王殿



  • Celestial Kings Hall (English)
  • 天王殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 天王殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Tiānwángdiàn (Pinyin)
  • T`ien-wang-tien (Wade-Giles)
  • Longmensi Tianwangdian (English)
  • 龍門寺天王殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 龙门寺天王殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Tianwandian


  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 36.3896666° Long. 113.622666°
  • Building Information

    The foundation of the Jin dynasty Celestial Kings Hall is made of stone with a height of 1.5 meters. The hall is three bays wide and four rafters deep with a single-eaves, overhanging-gable roof (xuanshan 懸山頂). The transverse structure of the building employes a four-rafter beam (sichuanfu 四椽栿) and the space is equally divided into two parts by central and eaves columns (fenxincao 分心槽). The central bay of the front facade has a panel door (banmen 板門) and the two secondary bays have straight lattice windows (zhilingchuang 直欞窗). The tops of the eaves pillars (yanzhu 檐柱) are narrowed showing entasis (juansha 卷殺). The front eaves pillars support 5-puzuo (鋪作) bracket sets (dougong 斗拱) with double slanted arms (xia’ang 下昂). There is only one intercolumnar bracket set (bujian puzuo 補間鋪作) in the central bay (dangxinjian 當心間), which is constructed with angled bracket arms (xiegong 斜栱). On the other hand, the back facade has a panel door in the central bay but no windows. The back eaves pillars only support single slanted arms (ang 昂) and single perpendicular bracket arms (huagong 華栱), however the central bay intercolumnar bracket also employs angled bracket arms. 1

    Date 1125-1234
    Dynasty Jin 1115 - 1234 1

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 国家文物局. 2006. 中国文物地图集. 山西分册, II:304-305; 32-C3-3.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; MILLER. 2011. Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed: Local Style in the Architecture of Tenth Century China, 179-184.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record; STEINHARDT. 2019. Chinese architecture: a historyLink to Zotero Bibliographic Record; 宋. 2010. 平顺龙门寺历史沿革考, 52-57.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contained in Place

    How to Cite This Entry

    CHEN Zhuo 陈卓 et al., “Longmen Monastery, Celestial Kings Hall 龍門寺天王殿 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified February 25, 2022, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000206.


    CHEN Zhuo 陈卓 et al., “Longmen Monastery, Celestial Kings Hall 龍門寺天王殿 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000206.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Longmen Monastery, Celestial Kings Hall 龍門寺天王殿

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller, editor, Architectura Sinica
    • CHEN Zhuo 陈卓 and Tracy Miller, entry contributors, “Longmen Monastery, Celestial Kings Hall 龍門寺天王殿

    Additional Credit:

    • Editing and proof correction Tracy Miller
    • adding citation Song Qisen
    • Editing, data entry, adding images, and adding citations CHEN Zhuo 陈卓

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