Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall  白臺寺釋迦殿

https://architecturasinica.org/place/000125

Place Type: palatial hall

Names

  • Śākyamuni Hall (English)
  • 釋迦殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 释迦殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Shijiadian (Pinyin)
  • Baitaisi Shijiadian (English)
  • 白臺寺釋迦殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 白台寺释迦殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Shijiadian

Location

  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 35.66366667° Long. 111.0694°
  • Building Information

    Shijiadian or Śākyamuni Hall (釋迦殿) of Baitai Monastery (Jin dynasty) Rebuilt during the Jin Mingchang reign period (1190-1194). The brick podium was built according to the terrain, with the front and the back elevation of 0.75 meter and 0.3 meter respectively. Front façade of 3 bays and depth of 6 rafters. Single eaves hip-gable roof. All of the roof ridges, including the main ridge, the pendant ridge, the subsidiary ridge and the roof finial, are carved brick. Under the eaves are columns with four-layer bracket sets and a single cantilever. The central bay has an intercolumnar bracket set. The roof frame is formed by a four-rafter beam facing a posterior rufu tie-beam with three columns in cross-section and an upturned basin column base. Under the front eaves, there is a bi-valve door hung in the central bay. Lattice windows are in the secondary bays of the building. In the hall, there is a Buddhist altar that holds 12 Buddhist sculptures, which are arranged as follows: Śākyamuni in the middle, flanked by Ānanda, Kāśyapa and bodhisattvas on either side. Under the two gable walls, there are 6 extant arhat sculptures. Behind the interior screen wall, there is a sculpture of Skanda (Weituo韋馱) that has been modified by later generations and hence lost its original characteristics. [ZGWWDTJ, vol. 3 (下), p.1099 126–C1-2]; Translated by Lydia Ohl; revised by Cole Garrett, Wong Pui See (2017), and Tracy Miller (2018).
    Date 1190-1196
    Dynasty Jin 1115 - 1234

    Field-notes

      Shijiadian from Jin Mingchang period (1190-1196) see: 中國 文物 地圖集山西分冊, 下, 1099

    Notes

      Axis: c, roof style: h/g, front façade: 31' 3",3 bays, side: 31' 4" 3 bays

    Contained in Place


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    Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall 白臺寺釋迦殿 ” in Architectura Sinica last modified March 21, 2018, https://architecturasinica.org/place/000125.

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    Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall 白臺寺釋迦殿 .” In Architectura Sinica, edited by . Entry published March 21, 2018. https://architecturasinica.org/place/000125.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall 白臺寺釋迦殿

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller, general editor,
    • , editor, Architectura Sinica
    • Tracy Miller, entry contributor, “Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall 白臺寺釋迦殿

    Additional Credit:

    • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Tracy Miller

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