Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall  白臺寺釋迦殿


  • Śākyamuni Hall (English)
  • 釋迦殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 释迦殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • Shìjiādiàn (Pinyin)
  • Shih-chia-tien (Wade-Giles)
  • Baitaisi Shijiadian (English)
  • 白臺寺釋迦殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • 白台寺释迦殿 (Simplified Chinese)
  • 白臺寺大雄寶殿 (Traditional Chinese)
  • Baitaisi Mahavira Treasure Hall (English)


  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 35.66366667° Long. 111.0694°
  • Building Information

    Originally thought to have been built in the Song Taiping xingguo reign period (977-984), the Shijiadian or Sakyamuni Hall (釋迦殿) of Baitai Monastery was rebuilt during the Jin Mingchang reign period (1190-1194). The brick podium was constructed to accommodate a sloping terrain, with the front 0.75 meters high and the back 0.3 meters. Approximately square, the front facade is three bays across and roughly 31'3" and side facade is six rafters deep and measures 31'4". Crowned by a single eaves hip-gable roof, all of the roof ridges, including the main ridge, the pendant ridges, and the corner ridges, are faced with carved brick. The eaves are supported by columns with four-layer corbelled bracket sets (puzuo 鋪作) and a single cantilever (ang 昂 ). The central bay (mingjian 明間) has a single intercolumnar corbelled bracket set (bujian puzuo 補間鋪作 ). The roof frame is formed by a four-rafter beam facing a posterior rufu 乳栿 tie-beam with three columns in cross-section. Pillar bases (zhuchu 柱礎) use and an "upturned basin" style. Under the front eaves, there is a bi-valve door hung in the central bay. Lattice windows are in the secondary bays of the building. In the hall, there is a Buddhist altar that holds 12 Buddhist sculptures, which are arranged as follows: Sakyamuni in the middle, flanked by Ananda 阿難陀, Mahakasyapa 摩訶迦葉, and bodhisattvas on either side. Under the two gable walls, there are six extant arhat sculptures. Behind the interior screen wall, there is a sculpture of Skanda (Weituo 韋馱) that has been modified by later generations and hence lost its original characteristics.1
    Date 1190-1196
    Dynasty Jin 1115 - 1234 2

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the editorial guidelines.

    • 1 国家文物局. 2006. 中国文物地图集. 山西分册, III (xia): 1099; 126-C1-2.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
    • 2 WILKINSON. 2000. Chinese History: A Manual, 12.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record

    Contained in Place

    How to Cite This Entry

    Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall 白臺寺釋迦殿” in Architectura Sinica last modified September 24, 2020,


    Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall 白臺寺釋迦殿.” In Architectura Sinica, edited by Tracy Miller and Tracy Miller. Entry published March 21, 2018.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: Baitai Monastery, Śākyamuni Hall 白臺寺釋迦殿

    Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

    • Tracy Miller and Tracy Miller, editors, Architectura Sinica

    Additional Credit:

    • Initial translation 2010 by Lydia Ohl
    • Revised 2011 by Cole Garrett
    • Modified 2017 by WONG Pui See
    • Data entry, proof correction 2018 by Tracy Miller
    • adding citation Melanie Lu

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